nomenklatura

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nomenklatura

(in the USSR and state socialist Eastern European countries).
  1. lists of names held by committees of the Communist Party from which were selected candidates for vacancies in state, party or social organizations, such as trade unions.
  2. people holding positions as in l or on the nomination lists, and in particular those involved in the highest organizations in the countries, and who were identified by many observers as the rulers of these countries (Voslensky, 1984). Until the late 1980s in the USSR, the existence of such practices was not publicly acknowledged, but under the impetus of GLASNOST and PERESTROIKA, not only were they openly discussed, they were strongly criticized. Following the dramatic political changes which began in 1989 and which brought about the collapse of Communism, the system has broken down, but many nomenklatura individuals retain power and influence in other guises. see also STATE SOCIALIST SOCIETIES.