Candidate

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Candidate

 

(1) An individual contending or being considered for a governmental or public post (such as a presidential candidate or legislative candidate) or any position.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, individuals who completed with distinction studies in a university or in any equivalent higher education establishment (lyceum, academy), and presented written work on their chosen theme. The degree of kandidat was introduced in 1804; although it was abolished by the 1884 statutes, it was retained up until 1917 in Warsaw and Iur’ev (Tartu) universities, Demidov Lyceum (Iaroslavl’), and ecclesiastical academies, which were not affected by the statutes. The degree was used in combination with the name of the education establishment or branch of learning (for instance, kandidat Moskovskogo Universiteta or kandidat slovesnosti [candidate inphilology]); on entering governmental service the holder of thedegree was entitled to a rank of the tenth class (kollezhskii sekretar’ collegiate secretary). Another title was kandidat kommertsii (candidate in commerce), which was awarded to individuals who completed with distinction studies at the St. Petersburg or Kharkov commercial schools.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hans-Peter SCHADEK has been nominated as Head of the EU Delegation to Cameroon.
Janet Williams, foster carer - from Porthmadog, nominated for being a foster carer to more than 100 children in the past 35 years and founding the Gwynedd Foster Carers Association.
She is nominated for her long-term leadership and advocacy promoting the health of veterans, through her professional involvement and internationally through mission work.
Golden Valley, Minnesota, nominated by the Army National Guard.
Les Miserables is nominated for Best Film, Outstanding British Film, Cinematography, Production Design, Costume Design, Make Up & Hair and Sound.
Rounding out the best actor category are first-time nominee Ryan Gosling (``Half Nelson'') and Leonardo DiCaprio, nominated for ``Blood Diamond,'' who said his nomination ``is a tribute to everyone who worked on this film.
The team of Carmean and Williamson have nominated numerous trees for the Remarkable Trees project.
Welsh bands have also been nominated for the awards with Goldie Lookin Chain up for Feel-good Act, and The Automatic up for Breakthrough Act.
John Elnitsky II has been nominated for appointment to the rank of rear admiral (lower half).
The chapter that explores the nominating systems in Great Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Mexico, and Israel is quite enlightening, particularly for those interested in knowing how candidates are nominated in political systems outside the United States.
Bolin was serving as Second Vice-President of the New York Branch in 1943 when Executive Secretary Walter White, Assistant Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins, and Special Counsel Thurgood Marshall nominated her for "the woman member of the Board of Directors for whom the Committee on Nominations left a vacancy.
was nominated by Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin, of Stockton, Calif.