Nai

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Related to nonaccidental injury: Non-accidental trauma

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nai

 

(nei), a wind instrument. (1) An Arab-Iranian end-blown flute with six to eight finger holes.

(2) An Uzbek and Tadzhik transverse flute with six finger holes. It has a diatonic scale, although chromatic notes can also be produced with special fingering and partial covering of the finger holes. Depending on the material from which it is made the nai is called agach-nai (wooden), garau-nai (bamboo), misnai (tin), and brindgzhi-nai (brass).

(3) Moldavian and Rumanian panpipes consisting of eight to 24 pipes of different length (on which the pitch depends) joined together to form a raft. They have a diatonic scale.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nonaccidental injury (NAI) in our patient was ruled out by a comprehensive analysis conducted by a multidisciplinary team comprised of an attending pediatrician, the house staff, the child protection team, social worker, and ancillary staff.
Sessions on the first day discussed the developments in breast imaging in Qatar and its future challenges, imaging of the brain, imaging of the spine, and radiology of nonaccidental injury, aside from the advancement of radiology and the latest imaging technologies now available in the country.
(10) Two popular pediatric textbooks use the terms nonaccidental injury or intentional head trauma to describe head injuries in children.
On the recommendation of these three doctors, a ninth doctor, a consultant paediatric nephrologist, was instructed to comment further and in more precise detail about whether, on the evidence, the child was more likely to have suffered from nonaccidental injury than a naturally occurring condition.
Nonaccidental injury is commonly regarded as a diagnosis, but is simply a description of the mechanism of injury.
The authors also included chapters on foreign bodies that address glass, swallowed foreign bodies such as coins, nonaccidental injury and special pediatric concerns.
Physiological striae of adolescence have been mistaken in the past for bruises resulting from nonaccidental injury [6, 9, 18-21].
Social workers had raised concerns after a doctor concluded that "extensive bruising" on the girl - now aged 16 months - was consistent with "nonaccidental injury".
"The lack of explanation and quiet nature of the dog meant vets suspected nonaccidental injury."
The lesions may be mistaken for nonaccidental injury, that is, physical abuse.
Nonaccidental injury is the leading cause of head trauma in infants younger than 1 year old.[1,2] These types of head injuries may be the result of blunt force trauma, direct impact or violent shaking at the hands of an adult.[3]
This small child was the most severe I had ever seen with an apparent nonaccidental injury."