fatty acid

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Related to nonesterified fatty acids: Free fatty acids

fatty acid,

any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oilsfats and oils,
group of organic substances that form an important part of the diet and also are useful in many industries. The fats are usually solid, the oils generally liquid at ordinary room temperatures.
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 as esters of glycerolglycerol,
 glycerin,
 glycerine,
or 1,2,3-propanetriol
, CH2OHCHOHCH2OH, colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol. It melts at 17.
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. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e., each carbon atom is connected to its carbon atom neighbors by single bonds; and some fatty acids are unsaturated, i.e., contain at least one carbon-carbon double bond (see chemical bondchemical bond,
mechanism whereby atoms combine to form molecules. There is a chemical bond between two atoms or groups of atoms when the forces acting between them are strong enough to lead to the formation of an aggregate with sufficient stability to be regarded as an
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). When fats and oils are hydrolyzed with an alkali, the fatty acids are liberated as their metal salts; these salts are soaps. Butyric acidbutyric acid
or butanoic acid
, CH3CH2CH2CO2H, viscous, foul-smelling, liquid carboxylic acid; m.p. about −5°C;; b.p. 163.5°C;. It is miscible with water, ethanol, and ether.
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 is a fatty acid found in butter.

fatty acid

[¦fad·ē ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
An organic monobasic acid of the general formula Cn H2 n + 1COOH derived from the saturated series of aliphatic hydrocarbons; examples are palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid; used as a lubricant in cosmetics and nutrition, and for soaps and detergents.

fatty acid

1. any of a class of aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid, that form part of a lipid molecule
2. another name for carboxylic acid esp a naturally occurring one
References in periodicals archive ?
It is well known that glucose metabolism has a close association with hepatic ketogenesis and lipid metabolism in liver where glucose metabolism is integrated with ketone bodies nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) metabolism (Huntington et al.
Nonesterified Fatty Acid (NEFA): The HC diet decreased NEFA concentrations of portal hepatic veins and portal fluxes (Pless than 0.
Technical note: an improved method to quantify nonesterified fatty acids in bovine plasma.
The lower values on the Vitros ECi may be considered more valid because there is no albumin in the assay reagent to buffer the effects of nonesterified fatty acids (7).
Circulating nonesterified fatty acid level as a predictive risk factor for sudden death in the population.