nonideal solution

nonideal solution

[′nän·ī‚dēl sə·lü·shən]
(physical chemistry)
A solution whose behavior does not conform to that of an ideal solution; that is, the behavior is not predictable over a wide range of concentrations and temperatures by the use of Raoult's law.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The smallest value of weighted evaluation factors of matrix V is chosen to form a nonideal solution set.
If [C.sup.*.sub.m] equals 1, it shows the absolute proximity of related decision point to the ideal solution, and if [C.sup.*.sub.m] equals 0, it shows the absolute proximity of the related decision point to the nonideal solution.
The advantage of this model is that it can effectively predict the flash point of a nonideal solution.
When an elastomer is in equilibrium with a nonideal solution, activity coefficients based upon the constituent volume fractions are introduced.
For example, consider a moderately nonideal solution of reformulated gasoline containing methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE).
If nonideal solution behavior originates only from spatial and/or physical considerations among the solvents, nonideal solution activity coefficient models will adequately account for excess swelling observed in elastomers.
This generalization is accomplished by incorporating concepts taught by Chemical Theory for nonideal solutions [5].
Now consider highly nonideal solutions exhibiting chemical association.
Complicating the equilibrium condition further is the fact that aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons form slightly nonideal solutions themselves.
A partition coefficient model can be applied generally to ideal solutions and also to various forms of nonideal solutions exhibiting both positive and negative deviations.
This accounting can be accomplished through the use of Chemical Theory of nonideal solutions, often without adjustable parameters.
Colburn, "Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Nonideal Solutions: Utilization of Theoretical Methods to Extend Data," Ind.