nonintervention

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nonintervention

refusal to intervene, esp the abstention by a state from intervening in the affairs of other states or in its own internal disputes

Nonintervention

 

a fundamental principle of present-day international law that obliges every state not to interfere in any way in the internal affairs of any other state, not to impose its own social or governmental order or its ideology on any other state, and to respect the sovereignty of all other states. Nonintervention is an important condition for peaceful coexistence and cooperation among nations.

The principle of nonintervention was laid down by the revolutionary bourgeoisie during the Great French Revolution to counter attempts by the European monarchies to reestablish the monarchical system in France through armed intervention. But the bourgeoisie defended these principles only to the extent that it found them suitable. The wars of the Directory and especially of Napoleonic France and the entire policy that underlay them demonstrated that the bourgeoisie defies or flouts its own proclaimed principles whenever self-interest dictates. The Holy Alliance, which was formed in 1815 after the fall of Napoleon for the purpose of defending feudal absolutist regimes and suppressing revolutionary and national liberation movements, made intervention in the domestic affairs of other states its official policy for many years.

The position taken by the United States on the question of the principles of relations between the countries of Europe and America, which was declared in 1823 and came to be called the Monroe Doctrine, was formally directed against the threat of intervention in Latin America by the Holy Alliance. But in reality, as its actual application demonstrated, the Monroe Doctrine became the basis of the US claim to unhindered intervention in the domestic affairs of Latin American countries. The most flagrant violation of the principle of nonintervention was the armed intervention organized by the imperialist powers against the young Soviet state. This intervention was in fact supported by the League of Nations, which was formed after World War I. During the Spanish People’s National Revolutionary War (1936–39), the Western powers connived with intervention by fascist Germany and Italy against the Spanish Republic but hid behind an ostensible policy of nonintervention. This policy of collusion with fascist aggression, which was clearly expressed in the Munich Agreement of 1938, encouraged the preparation of the subsequent aggression against the USSR.

The UN Charter, which took effect in October 1945, sees nonintervention as one of the most important principles underlying the actions of the UN and its members (par. 7, art. 2). At the same time, the possibility of applying military and nonmilitary sanctions against a state whose actions represent a threat to peace, a disruption of peace, or an act of aggression is recognized, even if such sanctions intrude into the sphere of internal jurisdiction of this state (arts. 39–42).

Despite the UN Charter and numerous UN resolutions, the principle of nonintervention has been violated many times by the imperialist powers in support of the forces of domestic reaction in a number of countries. The methods of direct armed intervention are frequently employed as for example in the imperialist interventions in Korea, Guatemala, Lebanon, Jordan, Cuba, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

The USSR and the other socialist states have consistently fought for adherence to the principle of nonintervention. At the 20th session of the UN General Assembly (September-December 1965), the USSR initiated the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty, which was adopted by the Assembly. The principle of nonintervention is invariably included in interstate agreements signed by the socialist countries.

A. I. IOIRISH

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the priorities of a noninterventionist agenda would be the scaling back of America's numerous commitments overseas.
Whereas West claims that the government adopted its noninterventionist approach for the purpose of facilitating an efficient private ordering system,(24) the story I tell is more skeptical.
Throughout this part of the book, Dick contrasts the noninterventionist foreign policy of the Founders with the reckless and belligerent foreign policy views of the warmongers in both parties, from the leadership on down.
But Paul pere mentions the movement only a few times, and he upbraids Tea Partiers for not understanding that being against tax-and-spend socialism entails embracing a noninterventionist, peaceful foreign policy.
to adopt a strictly noninterventionist approach, which allows that all events occurring in nature can be studied by science.
Robert Taft wasn't the most consistent Old Right noninterventionist in Congress, but he was the most influential one.
John Quincy Adams summed up the noninterventionist creed in his justly famous Fourth of July Address in 1821:
His noninterventionist approach--unthinkable to many technologically minded winemakers--includes destemming, doing an extended pre-fermentative maceration in which the grapes are cooled to 15[degrees]C for five to seven days, encouraging the release of fine aromas and color, then crushing and macerating in the skins for up to 30 days.
Fegan sees "providentialism" exclusively as belief in God's direct intervention to punish Ireland's sins; such recent scholars as Peter Gray, in Famine, Land, and Politics: British Government and Irish Society, 1843-1850 (Dublin, 1999), emphasize a rival "providentialism," which attributed famine to unalterable economic laws decreed by a noninterventionist God.
Never before has a new American President elected as an noninterventionist been transformed overnight.
What these studies clearly demonstrate is that the debate on the role of the state in economic change should not focus on the dichotomous choice between an interventionist and a noninterventionist position but, rather, on the optimum point in the wide spectrum of state intervention.
An early topic is the specific attractions of Hong Kong--it was accessible and stable, labor was ethnically compatible and cheap, and government was noninterventionist.