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refusal to intervene, esp the abstention by a state from intervening in the affairs of other states or in its own internal disputes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a fundamental principle of present-day international law that obliges every state not to interfere in any way in the internal affairs of any other state, not to impose its own social or governmental order or its ideology on any other state, and to respect the sovereignty of all other states. Nonintervention is an important condition for peaceful coexistence and cooperation among nations.

The principle of nonintervention was laid down by the revolutionary bourgeoisie during the Great French Revolution to counter attempts by the European monarchies to reestablish the monarchical system in France through armed intervention. But the bourgeoisie defended these principles only to the extent that it found them suitable. The wars of the Directory and especially of Napoleonic France and the entire policy that underlay them demonstrated that the bourgeoisie defies or flouts its own proclaimed principles whenever self-interest dictates. The Holy Alliance, which was formed in 1815 after the fall of Napoleon for the purpose of defending feudal absolutist regimes and suppressing revolutionary and national liberation movements, made intervention in the domestic affairs of other states its official policy for many years.

The position taken by the United States on the question of the principles of relations between the countries of Europe and America, which was declared in 1823 and came to be called the Monroe Doctrine, was formally directed against the threat of intervention in Latin America by the Holy Alliance. But in reality, as its actual application demonstrated, the Monroe Doctrine became the basis of the US claim to unhindered intervention in the domestic affairs of Latin American countries. The most flagrant violation of the principle of nonintervention was the armed intervention organized by the imperialist powers against the young Soviet state. This intervention was in fact supported by the League of Nations, which was formed after World War I. During the Spanish People’s National Revolutionary War (1936–39), the Western powers connived with intervention by fascist Germany and Italy against the Spanish Republic but hid behind an ostensible policy of nonintervention. This policy of collusion with fascist aggression, which was clearly expressed in the Munich Agreement of 1938, encouraged the preparation of the subsequent aggression against the USSR.

The UN Charter, which took effect in October 1945, sees nonintervention as one of the most important principles underlying the actions of the UN and its members (par. 7, art. 2). At the same time, the possibility of applying military and nonmilitary sanctions against a state whose actions represent a threat to peace, a disruption of peace, or an act of aggression is recognized, even if such sanctions intrude into the sphere of internal jurisdiction of this state (arts. 39–42).

Despite the UN Charter and numerous UN resolutions, the principle of nonintervention has been violated many times by the imperialist powers in support of the forces of domestic reaction in a number of countries. The methods of direct armed intervention are frequently employed as for example in the imperialist interventions in Korea, Guatemala, Lebanon, Jordan, Cuba, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

The USSR and the other socialist states have consistently fought for adherence to the principle of nonintervention. At the 20th session of the UN General Assembly (September-December 1965), the USSR initiated the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty, which was adopted by the Assembly. The principle of nonintervention is invariably included in interstate agreements signed by the socialist countries.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have seen the futility and absurdity of trying to act as an "honest broker" while providing lopsided support to one side in a conflict, and this should have no place in a noninterventionist foreign policy.
One politician did break the on-stage silence of the noninterventionists: Paul's son and putative political heir, Sen.
The 14 essays presented by the editors (both of the Independent Institute) constitute a defense of a noninterventionist American foreign policy stance that largely approaches the topic from the ideological stance of classical liberals and libertarians.
The value of Solaun's account is threefold: 1) It provides an exceptionally detailed view of an ambassador's attempt to carry out instructions with which he disagreed; 2) it provides perhaps the most complete picture of the inner workings of the Somoza dictatorship yet published; and 3) it highlights the shortcomings of a superpower attempting to do good by stubbornly sticking to a noninterventionist commitment.
He elucidates conflicts--such as in Rwanda--where the "victims were ready, willing, and able to become the victimizers when they got their turn." Nonetheless, Rieff still counts Rwanda with Bosnia as the two warranted exceptions to his new noninterventionist position.
Can we discern a noninterventionist yet objective form of divine action in the physical world?" (p.6).
Walter McDougall, Pulitzer Prizewinning author and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, simultaneously anchors both the unilateral and noninterventionist ends of the twin axes by arguing for "contra globalization and U.S.
At the end of the day, he responds to a different question: "there is no evidence that Jewish civil or religious authorities presented the laws for official approbation; this is not a case of imperial authorization as defined by Frei." Still, along the way, he tells us that dt is not law but ad hoc decree; that while the Persian state was generally noninterventionist, it tended to micro-manage local cult practice; that the codification of Egyptian law ordered by Darius was a pacification program following on the crisis of 520-519 and not indicative of Persian imperial policy in general; that the Elephantine correspondence warrants taking Artaxerxes' firman to Ezra (7:11-26) seriously; and that the Jewish law which Ezra was authorized to enforce was given the status of royal Persian law.
Given the noninterventionist policy of contemporary art criticism, the time has come ...
Sobel attempts to integrate the detailed information about specific cases into the cycles of interventionist/ noninterventionist feelings in the U.S.
Around 2,500 would leave from Britain in all, despite the noninterventionist policy of the Government.