nonjurors

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nonjurors

[Lat.,=not swearing], those English and Scottish clergymen who refused to break their oath of allegiance to James II and take the oath to William III after the Glorious RevolutionGlorious Revolution,
in English history, the events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of William III and Mary II to the English throne. It is also called the Bloodless Revolution.
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 of 1688. They upheld the principles of hereditary succession and the divine right of kings, and their refusal to recognize William as king led to their removal from office. In England, the original nonjurors included William SancroftSancroft, William
, 1617–93, English prelate, archbishop of Canterbury. His opposition to Calvinist doctrine caused him to remain abroad during the latter part of the Commonwealth.
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, archbishop of Canterbury, some bishops, and about 400 other members of the clergy; their ranks were later augmented by those who refused (1714) to take the oath of allegiance to George I. In Scotland, most of the Episcopal clergy became nonjurors when their church was disestablished (1690) in favor of Presbyterianism. Many nonjurors were active in the rising of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1715, despite their doctrine of nonresistance to established authority. Later their numbers dwindled, however, and their attention turned to theology. Their high standard of thought was notable and influential in its day. The Bangorian ControversyBangorian Controversy
, religious dispute in the Church of England during the early part of the reign of George I. Benjamin Hoadly, bishop of Bangor, Wales, delivered a sermon (1717) before the king in which he denied that the church had any doctrinal or disciplinary authority.
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, in which nonjuror William LawLaw, William,
1686–1761, English clergyman, noted for his controversial, devotional, and mystical writings. One of the nonjurors, Law was deprived of his fellowship in Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and lost all chances for advancement in the church.
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 was prominent, precipitated the prorogation of the convocation of the Church of England in 1717. The exiled Stuart pretenders continued to appoint nonjuring bishops, including Jeremy CollierCollier, Jeremy,
1650–1726, English clergyman. Collier was imprisoned as one of the nonjurors, who refused to pledge allegiance to William III and Mary II. He later was outlawed (1696) for absolving on the scaffold two of those involved in the assassination plot against
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, preserving the nonjuring episcopal succession until 1805.
References in periodicals archive ?
The nonjuror Charles Leslie accused Owen, with some justification, of having cribbed much of his pamphlet from the arguments of the managers for the lords in their free conference with the House of Commons on 16 Jan.
For having discovered and preserved the major Rochester sources which now reside in Harley MS 7003 and at Longleat in volume 2 of the Portland Papers and volume 27 of the Thynne Papers, George Harbin, antiquarian scholar and nonjuror priest, deserves recognition on a new and somewhat unlikely count-as guardian of the libertine Earl of Rochester's textual memory.
Finch's revision emphasizes an allegiance to spiritual precepts by removing the worldly oaths that her husband refused as a Nonjuror.
Mark Goldie, "The Nonjurors, Episcopacy, and the Origins of the Convocation Controversy," in Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689-1759, ed.
See also the earlier work of Thomas Lathbury, A History of the Nonjurors (London: Pickering, 1845).
The custom of instructing jurors not to make up their minds or discuss the case before the end of the trial was an off-shoot of the rule barring expressions of opinion by jurors to nonjurors regarding the verdict before the end of the trial.
English bishop of the nonjurors (clergy who refused to take the oaths of allegiance to William III and Mary II in 1689) and the author of a celebrated attack on the immorality of the stage.
During the Glorious Revolution and its aftermath, Hooker was used against divine right monarchy by supporters of the Revolution and for divine right episcopacy and monarchy by the nonjurors.
The story is carried with economy through the eighteenth century, recounting the contributions of the Nonjurors and Scottish Episcopalians who--significantly for the thesis of the work--did not link a high theology with ceremonial innovation (27).
In our system, a properly informed criminal jury given the proper evidence is always entitled to acquit a defendant; no other official can reverse that decision, no matter how "erroneous" it seems to nonjurors.
Having been appointed, at the age of 21, maid of honour to Mary of Modena, the future wife of James II, she (and her husband) remained loyal to James when he was forced into exile by the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and were among the Nonjurors who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new monarchs William and Mary.
Even if such studies did not exist, one could safely assume that the self-informing jury did not get all of its information from its own first-hand observations; even if self-informing juries conducted their own factual investigation, they must have gotten some of their information from nonjurors.