include full-time nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
per physician: number of NPs and PAs divided by number of FTE physicians
With health care reform at national and state levels emphasizing primary care, advanced practice nurses (APNs) and other nonphysician providers
were expected to address the shortage of primary care physicians (Aiken & Salmon, 1994).
Network physicians and nonphysician providers
are paid on a discounted fee-for-service basis, and PCPs receive a year-end bonus based on performance.
Our results suggest that, after controlling for patient-specific factors, care initiated by nonphysician providers
is the most economical.
The database also doesn't take into account whether a service was provided by a physician or a nonphysician provider
, a factor that would affect the price, Ms.
Medicare beneficiaries covered under Part B are eligible to receive medical equipment ordered by a physician or nonphysician provider
and furnished by a designated supplier.
A Medicare carrier in the South, for example, has determined that for any nonphysician provider
to bill "incident to," the physician has to see the patient every third visit.
It can come from a physician or a nonphysician provider
, but it must be documented in the medical record, and a written report must be provided to the requesting provider.
Both categories of participants may enter into agreements with individual physicians and nonphysician providers
to furnish care under the bundled payment model.
A portion of what is gradually occurring is the rapid adoption of technologies and the progressive implementation of not only expanded responsibilities for nonphysician providers
but also an expanded number of nonphysician clinicians involved with patient care.
Six visits were conducted by seven nonphysician providers
(three physician assistants from dermatology settings, and four nondermatology nurse practitioners).