include full-time nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
per physician: number of NPs and PAs divided by number of FTE physicians
With health care reform at national and state levels emphasizing primary care, advanced practice nurses (APNs) and other nonphysician providers
were expected to address the shortage of primary care physicians (Aiken & Salmon, 1994).
Network physicians and nonphysician providers
are paid on a discounted fee-for-service basis, and PCPs receive a year-end bonus based on performance.
Our results suggest that, after controlling for patient-specific factors, care initiated by nonphysician providers
is the most economical.
Medicare beneficiaries covered under Part B are eligible to receive medical equipment ordered by a physician or nonphysician provider
and furnished by a designated supplier.
A Medicare carrier in the South, for example, has determined that for any nonphysician provider
to bill "incident to," the physician has to see the patient every third visit.
It can come from a physician or a nonphysician provider
, but it must be documented in the medical record, and a written report must be provided to the requesting provider.
The patients had previously undergone an average of seven tattoo removal treatments and 72% of the patients were treated by a nonphysician provider
at some point.
The outcomes are indicators of whether the individual had any visits to an office-based primary care physician, physician specialist, or nonphysician provider
. MEPS respondents enumerate each office-based visit and report the physician specialty if the provider seen was a physician, and the type of medical person seen if not.
Also, the use of administrative data makes it difficult to account for care provided by nonphysician providers
, such as psychologists, and for conditions that cause symptoms but do not meet diagnostic criteria, the authors noted.
Both categories of participants may enter into agreements with individual physicians and nonphysician providers
to furnish care under the bundled payment model.