passive resistance

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passive resistance

passive resistance a method of nonviolent protest against laws or policies in order to force a change or secure concessions; it is also known as nonviolent resistance and is the main tactic of civil disobedience. Passive resistance typically involves such activities as mass demonstrations, refusal to obey or carry out a law or to pay taxes, the occupation of buildings or the blockade of roads, labor strikes, economic boycotts, and similar activities.

Possibly originating with the Quakers, it was adopted by Africans, Indians, and U.S. civil-rights and anti–Vietnam War protesters. Among its most articulate advocates have been Gandhi, who maintained that action needs to be accompanied by love and a willingness to search for the truth, and Martin Luther King, Jr., who called for “tough-mindedness and tenderheartedness.” Two of the most massive examples of passive resistance were the Solidarity movement in Poland (1980–81) and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia (1989). Opponents of passive resistance as a means of forcing a change in policy have criticized it for potentially fostering a general disrespect for law that could result in anarchy.

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passive resistance

see SOCIAL MOVEMENTS.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

passive resistance

resistance to a government, law, etc., made without violence, as by fasting, demonstrating peacefully, or refusing to cooperate
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sharp was inspired by his early studies of Gandhi, and his first book published in 1960 was "Gandhi Wields the Weapon of Moral Power: Three Case Histories." He wrote dozens of books and articles on nonviolent resistance that have been translated into more than 50 languages.
This emerging alliance continues to explore more imaginative ways of principled nonviolent resistance.
True, in a lot of these cases nonviolent resistance doesn't seem to have succeeded.
"We are not equal to Israel in terms of military might, and therefore, we -- President Mahmoud Abbas and my government -- believe that nonviolent resistance is a good way to get rid of this occupation," he said.
Sometimes called nonviolent resistance, unarmed struggle, or nonviolent action, this form of conflict is now a mainstay in the international system.
It's an incredible storyprobably the best-known example of mass civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance to come out of WWII.
This collection of essays explores cases of nonviolent resistance from around the world in relation to identity formation in national and other forms of collective struggle.
This victory for the combined approach of legal challenge and peaceful public protest was one of the first successful applications of King's teaching and strategy of nonviolent resistance. On June 4, 1957, at the invitation of the local YMCA and YWCA, King gave this speech at the University of California at Berkeley, in which he explained the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence.
The authors of Why Civil Resistance Works present empirical evidence that, contrary to conventional wisdom, nonviolent resistance campaigns succeed at overthrowing regimes twice as often as violent campaigns, even in cases of a highly repressive state.
She was awarded the Nobel Prize for her campaign of nonviolent resistance. At the time, her two then-adolescent sons accepted the award on her behalf.
IJV Canada will be represented at the Global March by Vancouver Chapter member Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta, author of Refusing to be Enemies: Palestinian and Israeli Nonviolent Resistance to the Israeli Occupation.
There is a long history of nonviolent resistance in the Middle East, from Egypt's 1919 independence struggle against the British to the 2006 Cedar Revolution in Lebanon that ended years of Syrian domination of that country.