normal

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Normal,

town (1990 pop. 40,023), McLean co., central Ill.; inc. 1865. It is the center of a productive farming region. Motor vehicles are manufactured in Normal. The town originally grew around Illinois State Univ. (1857; formerly called Illinois State Normal Univ.), which remains a major contributor to its economy.

Normal

 

(to a curve or surface). The normal at a given point of a curve or surface is a line that passes through this point and is perpendicular to the tangent line or tangent plane at the same point of the curve or surface. A plane curve has at each point a single normal that lies in the plane of the curve. If x = f(t) and y = g(t) are parametric equations of a plane curve L, then the equation of the normal at point (x0, y0) of curve L that corresponds to the value to of the parameter; may be written as

For a plane curve defined by the equation F(x,y) = 0, the equation of the normal has the form

A space curve has at each point an infinite set of normals, and these normals all lie in a certain plane (the normal plane). The normal that lies in the osculating plane is called the principal normal. The normal that is perpendicular to the osculating plane is called the binormal. The tangent, the principal normal, and the binormal form the moving trihedral of the curve.

For the surface defined by the equation F(x, y, z) = 0, the normal can be represented by the equations

The concept of the normal plays a significant role not only in differential geometry but also in various applications of this subject, such as geometrical optics and mechanics. The formulation of the fundamental laws of refraction and reflection of light rays is an example from geometrical optics; in mechanics, a mass point or a physical body experiences a reaction directed along the normal when it is displaced along smooth curves or surfaces; in a conservative field, the lines of force at each point are directed along the normal to the isopotential surface that passes through the point.

normal

[′nȯr·məl]
(meteorology)
The average value of a meteorological element over any fixed period of years that is recognized as standard for the country and element concerned.

normal

i. As it pertains to meteorology, the value of an element averaged for a given location over a period of time, normally fifty years, and recognized as a standard.
ii. Equivalent to usual, regular, rational, or standard conditions.
iii. At a right angle to the datum under reference.

normal

1. Psychol
a. being within certain limits of intelligence, educational success or ability, etc.
b. conforming to the conventions of one's group
2. Biology Med (of laboratory animals) maintained in a natural state for purposes of comparison with animals treated with drugs, etc.
3. Chem (of a solution) containing a number of grams equal to the equivalent weight of the solute in each litre of solvent.
4. Chem denoting a straight-chain hydrocarbon: a normal alkane. Prefix: n-, e.g. n-octane
5. Geometry another word for perpendicular
6. Geometry a line or plane perpendicular to another line or plane or to the tangent of a curved line or plane at the point of contact
References in periodicals archive ?
d) regular, turbulent flushing with at least 10 mL of normal saline solution both before and after use for treatment
Demers and Saklad (1973) concluded that instillation of normal saline solution is not effective in thinning or liquifying secretions and maintained that although "water in the form of aerosol is of proven value in thinning secretions, mucous and [H.
The anterior chamber was reconstituted by sterile normal saline solution with a small air bubble before placing the last corneal suture.
of an equivalent dose dissolved in normal saline solution according to the fraction used.
The dog was positioned in sternal recumbency and both eyes were washed with normal saline solution followed by 5% Povidone iodine.
The graft material was washed in four changes of sterile normal saline solution and trimmed to oval size, sufficient enough to cover the oesophageal defect.
The eye was irrigated with normal saline solution after application of Silver nitrate to neutralize the effect of caustic.
After emptying the urinary bladder, it was flushed with normal saline solution and normograde catheterization was done.
Until fetal expulsion, all buffaloes daily received hypertonic saline solution (HSS; 3%, Nacl) 4 litres and Dextrose normal saline solution (DNS, 25%) 2 litres intravenously.