normalized voltage

normalized voltage

[′nȯr·mə‚līzd ′vōl·tij]
(electromagnetism)
The voltage divided by the square root of the characteristic impedance of a waveguide or transmission line.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the bandwidth, the normalized voltage of the conventional system at 3 dB below the peak is 65.6 V/g.
being: [V.sub.s] the saturation voltage, V is the measured voltage, [V.sub.0] the baseline voltage, and [V.sub.n] the normalized voltage. The reduction in the transmitted light intensity is related to the transmittance (7) of the molten polymer flowing through the slit-die following Eq.
In the load modulation region where the actual Doherty operation is present, the range of normalized voltage factor, k can be defined as in (1), and in this region, the ideal configuration of DPA offers the efficiency as given in (2) [2]:
Assuming in-phase operation between the CPA and PPA as in the ideal configuration of DPA, total RF output power, DC power consumption and resultant efficiency of the BA-DPA in the load modulation region can now be easily calculated in terms of normalized voltage factor, k = [V.sub.O]/[V.sub.DD], and conduction angle, [gamma]' = 2[gamma] (radians) of the PPA as given in (13)-(15):
The 2400 Series offers up to two main universal inputs configurable for pressure, force (load cells), temperature, displacement, and linear signals, and two auxiliary channels for normalized voltage or current signals.
being [V.sub.N.sup.max], the normalized voltage measured at the maximum of the RTD curve; [V.sup.max], the voltage measured at the maximum of the RTD curve; [V.sub.S], the voltage with the lamp switched off; and [V.sub.0], the base line voltage.
NOMENCLATURE [rho] particle density [empty set] volumetric fraction of particles C cross-section [C.sub.ext] extinction cross-section D average particle diameter IR infrared KB kneading block element LH left-handed element PA6 polyamide 6 PP polypropylene PP-g-AA polypropylene grafted with acrylic acid PP-g-MA polypropylene grafted with maleic anhydride RTD residence time distribution T attenuation factor t optical path thickness [V.sub.0] baseline voltage [V.sub.N] normalized voltage [V.sub.max] normalized peak voltage [V.sub.S] saturation voltage w concentration REFERENCES
NOMENCLATURE [I.sub.0] incident light intensity I transmitted light intensity T attenuation factor N number of scattering particles per unit volume t optical path thickness [phi] volumetric fraction of particles D average particle diameter C cross-section [C.sub.ext] extinction cross-section [V.sub.0] baseline voltage [V.sub.S] saturation voltage [V.sub.N] normalized voltage [V.sub.N.sup.max] normalized peak voltage w concentration [rho] particle density CS calibration standard m weight
Figure 9 illustrates the normalized voltages for random and pattern walking.
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