need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in classic literature ?
I did not need to be told that he was Tardos Mors, Jeddak of Helium.
said Ford, "we do not need a guide to lead us to their presence.
I had reason to think that he might not need them again, seeing that a thirty-inch shaft had feathered in his back.
At the same time her own tears fell thick and fast at the joy of meeting her old friend again, and these tears did not need to be wiped away.
Yet we do not need to read the words aloud, the sight of the black letters on the white page is enough.
We did not need a parlor at all, but they said it belonged to the two bedrooms and we might use it if we chose.
According to Reuters, the bank does not need additional provisions to meet new Bank of Spain rules on recognizing bad debt.
If you do get the card, you do not need to use it for any particular purchase; so if you have other drug discounts, you can use whichever is best.
The AICPA does not need an education program for the public.
Global Banking News-June 19, 2012--Governor of central bank of Slovenia says nation might not need aid for now(C)2012 ENPublishing - http://www.