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(no͞o`mənŏn'), in the philosophical system of Immanuel KantKant, Immanuel
, 1724–1804, German metaphysician, one of the greatest figures in philosophy, b. Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia). Early Life and Works
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, a "thing-in-itself"; it is opposed to phenomenonphenomenon,
an observable fact or event; in philosophy the definitions and uses of the term have varied. In the philosophy of Aristotle phenomena were the objects of the senses (e.g., sights and sounds), as opposed to the real objects understood by the mind.
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, the thing that appears to us. Noumena are the basic realities behind all sensory experience. According to Kant, they are not knowable because they cannot be perceived, but they must be thinkable because moral decision making and scientific investigation cannot proceed without the assumption that they exist.



a term widely used in medieval and modern philosophy to signify something that can be perceived by the mind, unlike the phenomenon, which is given in experience and is perceived through the senses.

References in periodicals archive ?
He claims that we have intuitive knowledge of the noumenon because we are (part of) this reality (1969: 103).
Habermas moves beyond Kant at the very point where Hayek stops: in place of Hayek's "Senate of the wise", he demands that the respublica phaenomenon approximate the respublica noumenon through the broadest possible political participation.
And here we arrive at a rightful doubt: we are discussing here only a singular case, an invisible noumenon which has not become a phenomenon, perhaps unique, but just one single story, which, due to its fantastic strangeness, can easily be omitted in the bookkeeping record of humanity in the twentieth century.
These were features from which one could trace the progression by which the Cartesian cogito and the dualism of the res extensa and the res cogitans culminated in even more recalcitrant Kantian dualisms: the external one of phenomenon and noumenon, matched by the internal one of apperception and autonomy in the Kantian subject.
41) The translator notes here that although this reads "thing in itself" literally, Kant is not referring to the thing-in-itself or to noumenon.
Lady novelists, it appears, can see something else besides matter; they are not limited to phenomena, but can relieve their eyesight by occasional glimpses of the noumenon, and are, therefore, naturally better able than anyone else to confound sceptics, even of that remarkable but to us unknown school, which maintains that the soul of man is of the same texture as the polypus.
The Biographia states that, "I could never believe, it was possible for him to have meant no more by his Noumenon, or Thing In Itself, than his mere words express" with regards to its implications for understanding Kant's I of transcendental apperception (1.
Nikolais's investigation of the abstract actually began in 1953, with Noumenon Mobilus, in which two men are wholly encased in stretchy fabric.
For example, when he describes the human being as a being endowed with "inner freedom" he characterizes each of us as a "homo noumenon.
9) With further breadth and variety, the interfaith commonality is expressed in terms of experience ("different divine phenomena in terms of which the one divine noumenon is humanly experienced," (10) "what is being experienced can well be the same ineffable reality" (11), of perception ("different culturally focused perceptions of the one ultimate divine reality" (12), or of cognitive contact ("overlapping, limited, revisable attempts to achieve cognitive contact with a common sacred reality" (13).
The seven are: Noumenon, Mobilus, Tensile Involvement, "Lythic" from Prism, Mechanical Organ, "Finale" from Liturgies, Crucible, and Blank on Blank.
This does not leave the friction in question in a very good position to transcend the failure on the part of post-Kantian idealizing German mythographers to heal the division between noumenon and phenomenon.