7 million) in 2010 to start a project to build a spacecraft with a nuclear engine
With creation of NASA in 1958 followed quickly by President Kennedy's direction to land men on the Moon, Plum Brook supported the Nuclear Engine
Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) program.
MOL, the Manned Orbiting Laboratory, and NERVA, the Nuclear Engine
for Rocket Vehicle Applications, would be canceled a few years later.
PMT's experience in high temperature metal alloys, and ultra high vacuum environments began with the successful Nuclear Engine
for Rocket Vehicle Application (NERVA) space reactor.
According to the standard solar model, the nuclear engine
at the sun's center pumps out a tremendous amount of energy.
The NACA morphed into the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1958, and it took 15 years and untold millions of dollars to build and operate the reactor, with much testing also devoted to Nuclear Engines
for Rocket Vehicle Application and the Space Nuclear Auxiliary Program.
Nikolay Ponomarev-Stepnoi of the Kurchatov Institute said Russian-designed nuclear engines
and propulsion systems were already at the experimental stage.
In 1961, NASA and the Atomic Energy Commission founded the Nuclear Engines
for Rocket Vehicle Applications (NERVA) program.
At little-known but heavily- guarded Vulcan, a series of Rolls-Royce designs for nuclear engines
have been successively put through their paces for more than 30 years, before being actually installed on the subs.
require far less fuel mass than chemical rockets, and can fire for much longer periods, which means more speed.
The star apparently shed the gas quite recently, suggesting that white-dwarf stars may have some mechanism, not yet identified, by which they lose mass or reignite their nuclear engines
for a brief period.
During their lifetimes, fueled by internal nuclear engines
, they slowly evaporate, or lose mass, by returning gas to the interstellar medium.