government will spend $836 billion between fiscal years 2014 and 2043 on its nuclear forces
Meanwhile, the Air Force is planning construction to improve weapons storage facilities; will replace helicopters for its ballistic missile security forces; and is in the midst of revamping how it trains, evaluates, and manages the nuclear force
is so incoherent that it cannot be properly managed in its current form, and that this problem explains why top-level officials often are unaware of trouble below them.
and, therefore, does not provide significant additional incentives to join America on the path to global zero.
8) Additionally, Russia appears determined to maintain a sizable, "tactical" nuclear force
that has not been, and apparently will not be, addressed or reduced within the context of bilateral arms-reduction efforts with the United States.
Bush in 2006 discussed increasing military exchanges, China has not responded to an offer for the commander of its strategic nuclear forces
to visit US Strategic Command.
China has had difficulty in developing an effective sea-based nuclear force
In light of our previous close cooperation and the fact that the United Kingdom has committed its nuclear forces
to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, I have concluded that it is in our interest to continue to assist them in maintaining a credible nuclear force
These new realities dictate a more nuanced role for nuclear weapons, both in terms of the capabilities we pursue and the scenarios governing their use, even as we retain an unmistakably robust, diversified, balanced, and flexible nuclear force
Had the United States been attacked, we maintained an overwhelming nuclear force
that would have annihilated our foe; eliminating any benefit from a first strike.
Gen Powell refused to state the nature of any military action being contemplated, but seemed to rule out the use of nuclear force
, saying: "I don't think nuclear weapons would be necessary against a terrorist organisation.
The alternative for Israel would be to deliberately disguise efforts at nuclear force
protection from enemy states, making these efforts less detectable; but such subterfuge would almost certainly be serf-defeating and would carry additional, and possibly intolerable, risks.