nucleoid


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nucleoid

[′nü·klē‚ȯid]
(cell and molecular biology)
A discrete region within mitochondria, chloroplasts, and prokaryotes that contain molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid.
(virology)
The ribonucleic acid (RNA) core that is enveloped by a protein capsid in RNA tumor viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cross-strand binding of TFAM to a single mtDNA molecule forms the mitochondrial nucleoid. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA.
Furthermore, the results (Figure 8(a)) were verified by the flow cytometric analysis of nucleoid size (Figure 8(b)).
Keywords: Escherichia coli, outer membrane, cytoplasmic membrane, periplasmic space, nucleoid, ribosomes, vesicles, aberrant mesosomes, betaine
2131936 (1) ATAD3B is mitochondrial Unknown Unknown membrane proteins that contribute to the stabilization of large mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) protein complexes called nucleoids [43].
Two equal-sized groups preassigned by Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scoring to "high distress" or "low distress" cohorts were checked for nucleoid migration of lymphocytes in DNA repair after brief irradiation exposure of 100 rads.
Mechanism for combined action of microwaves and static magnetic field: slow non uniform rotation of charged nucleoid. Electromagn Biol Med 27(4):340-354.
The first group of papers discusses protocols used to study the transduction of information from mitochondrial DNA to functionally active respiratory complexes, covering investigations of the nucleoid proteome, mitochondrial DNA packaging, replication, transcription, respiratory complex synthesis, and polymerase gamma mutations associated with mitochondrial disorders.
Prokaryotic cells usually have a single, circular chromosome located in a part of the cytoplasm called the nucleoid (nuclear region).
To avoid the potential of a lethal effect from constitutive expression of an RNAi construct in Arabidopsis thaliana, a chemically inducible vector was utilized to study the effects of a gene knockout for the plastid nucleoid protein DCP68.
Paternal plastid inheritance in alfalfa: plastid nucleoid number within generative cells correlates poorly with plastid number and male plastid transmission strength.
3) sequencing of entire genomes of mitochondria and plastids, and 4) the discovery of a nucleus in mitochondria and plastids (the nucleoid; a complex of DNA and proteins).