nuclide


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Nuclide

A species of atom that is characterized by the constitution of its nucleus, in particular by its atomic number Z and its neutron number A - Z, where A is the mass number. The total number of stable nuclides is approximately 275. About a dozen radioactive nuclides are found in nature, and hundreds of others have been created artificially.

nuclide

(new -klÿd) A type of atom characterized by its atomic number and neutron number. The term ‘isotope’ is used for members of a series of atoms that have the same atomic number. ‘Nuclide’ is used for a particular species, e.g. the uranium–235 nuclide.

nuclide

[′nü‚klīd]
(nuclear physics)
A species of atom characterized by the number of protons, number of neutrons, and energy content in the nucleus, or alternatively by the atomic number, mass number, and atomic mass; to be regarded as a distinct nuclide, the atom must be capable of existing for a measurable lifetime, generally greater than 10-10 second. Also known as nuclear species; species.
References in periodicals archive ?
This kind of stimulating effect of denudation on weathering rates has been confirmed by cosmogonic nuclide and geochemical mass balance studies in mountainous catchments in different climates, showing that erosion rates (depending mainly on uplift rates) had a stronger effect on weathering rates than climate (Riebe et al.
Second, in order to be able to express (almost) all the nuclide masses through continued fractions, we have to split the data set of non-radioactive nuclide masses into groups:
The relationship between the efficiency curves for the tracer and nuclide of interest is typically determined using one of several computational models [46-54].
In this minimally invasive scintigraphy, patients only need to lie down for about 20 minutes following nuclide injection.
Because the associated radiation dose of the detected artificial radioactive nuclide is extremely weak and is less than 1/100000 of natural baseline level, still within the fluctuations of local baseline radiation level.
Expanding the section on methods in their papers published in a reputable peer-reviewed journal, researchers in the biological sciences provide other laboratory scientists with a catalogue of protocols for investigating connections between nuclide sequence and sequence function.
It contains biconcave core or nuclide with two lateral bodies in each concavity.
Element Nuclide Nominal Mass Exact Mass Mass Defect Hydrogen H 1 1.
This method involves measuring nuclide concentrations at multiple depths in the paleosols.
All atoms of a given nuclide are identical, and a one-year half-life means that each nucleus has a 50 percent chance of decaying over one year.
With this finding, we suggest that as an alternative approach to other currently used diagnostic approaches, it is possible to detect these pathologies with the use of radio nuclide cystography.
The Section also has a handheld radiation spectrometer/identifier, dose-ratemeter, and nuclide finder in addition to multiple radiac meters with probes for measuring alpha, beta, and gamma radiation.