numbat


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numbat

(nŭm`băt), small marsupialmarsupial
, member of the order Marsupialia, or pouched mammals. With the exception of the New World opossums and an obscure S American family (Caenolestidae), marsupials are now found only in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, and a few adjacent islands.
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, of SW Australia, also known as the marsupial anteater. The numbat, Myrmecobius fasciatus, resembles a squirrel in size and general appearance, but is adapted for eating insects, with a pointed snout and a long, cylindrical tongue covered with a sticky secretion. The body is brown with white transverse stripes and the tail is bushy. The numbat lives in eucalyptus forests and feeds chiefly on termites, which it finds in fallen branches and under litter. It sleeps by night in a den in a hollow log. Like other marsupials, numbats give birth to very undeveloped young, which crawl to the mother's teats and remain attached to them for several months; unlike most marsupials, however, numbats do not have pouches surrounding the teats. Numbats are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Marsupialia, family Dasyuridae.

Numbat

 

(Myrmecobius fasciatus), also the banded anteater, a marsupial of the family Echidnidae. The length of the body is 17–27 cm, and the length of the tail is 13–17 cm. The body is grayish brown with white transverse stripes on the back. There is no pouch. The wormlike, sticky tongue is up to 10 cm long. The numbat is distributed in western and southwestern Australia. It dwells in open deserts and eucalyptus forests. The numbat is active during the day; at night it takes shelter in the grass or in fallen tree hollows. It feeds primarily on termites. The numbat reproduces once a year. A litter contains four young, which hold onto the thick fur of the mother’s belly. As a result of the clearing of lands, numbats are sharply declining in number.

numbat

a small Australian marsupial, Myrmecobius fasciatus, having a long snout and tongue and strong claws for hunting and feeding on termites: family Dasyuridae
References in periodicals archive ?
David Miller has created an eye-catching and engaging picture book that has a small, insignificant looking numbat called Rufus taking a short journey through a town.
In addition, the morphological traits exhibited in these Pilbara rock art images preclude them from being representation of other striped-backed fauna, such as numbats.
Numbats have long sticky tongues to hold the thousands of termites they eat each day.
These include the aardwolves of Africa, the aardvarks ("ground pig" in Afrikaans) and the pangolins of Africa and Asia, and the numbats and echidnas, primitive egg-laying mammals of Australia.
Bums are also crucial to numbats, for they sleep in hollow logs and stuff their bottoms in the end like a cork so predators can't pull them out.
Scores of other species are endangered, wildlife specialists say, including woylies, boodies, numbats, and the potoroo.
Dryandra Woodland is the largest remaining remnant of Wheatbelt woodland that provides a sanctuary for 10 threatened species, including one of the few remaining wild populations of woylies, numbats and tammar wallabies," Mr Jacob said.
In Western Australia, the woodland communities of salmon gum, york gum, gimlet and wandoo -- home to numbats and red-tailed phascogales -- were seen as indicators of fertile soils, and have now been extensively cleared.
This baiting has led to spectacular recoveries of populations of woylies (a small, scarce wallaby species), numbats, chuditch (marsupial cats), possums and carpet pythons.
Scientific rational argument and raw spontaneous emotion are fused in a register which carries both sorrow and the hope: Lake Pedder the Franklin Maralinga Roxby Rum Jungle Rabbits Ranger Hinchinbrook Daintree Coode Island Coronation Hill Jabiluka Dieldrin Cane Toads Cape Barren Geese Feral Cats Terrania Creek Wittenoom Fraser Island Farmhouse Creek Thylacines Numbats Nufarm Nightcap Nurunga.
Dryandra Woodland is one of the few places in this State where visitors can see endangered species such as numbats, woylies and tammar wallabies in the wild, as well as more than 100 bird species and 50 reptile species," Mr Jacob said.