Table 1: Comparison of rewritable Blu-ray and HD-DVD formats BD BD HD-DVD HD-DVD Number of Recording Layers Single Double Single Double Capacity 25GB 50GB 20GB 40GB Laser wavelength 405nm 405nm 405nm 405nm Numerical aperture
(NA) 0.85 0.85 0.65 0.65 Protecton layer 0.1mm 0.1mm 0.6mm 0.6mm Data transfer rate 36Mbps 36Mbps 36Mbps 36Mbps Hours of High Definition Video 2+ 4-5 2 4
The useful magnification of a light microscope is approximately 1000 times the numerical aperture
of its objective.
in Japan and an objective lens with a numerical aperture
of 0.85, allowing the laser beam to be focused to a very small-diameter spot.
When X is 35%, the maximum refractive index change is 0.021 corresponding to the numerical aperture
This short article describes the relative importance of magnification and numerical aperture
for digital optical microscopy.
The cleaved fiber (Numerical Aperture
= 0.10-0.14, Mode Field Diameter = 5.6 nm) is mounted on a fixed head.
High numerical aperture
20x or 40x objectives produce full color, high-resolution giga-pixel digital images of cells, tissues, and tissue arrays.
Use of an ArF immersion scanner with a numerical aperture
(NA) greater than 1.
These telecentric lenses feature small fields of view, a high numerical aperture
and magnifications of 1X, 2X and 4X.
Calcium records in individual cells were obtained by imaging intracellular calcium under a Zeiss PASCAL5 confocal microscope using a Zeiss 40x oil-immersion lens, with numerical aperture
1.3 (Zeiss, Jena, Germany).
The proposed blue lasers use a wavelength of 405 nanometers--compared to 650 nm for the red lasers used in current products--and a tighter 0.85 numerical aperture
, allowing for a smaller spot to be recorded on the disc.
This non-ideal cosine response can lead to large errors if the calibration numerical aperture
is substantially different from the measurement application.