oath

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Related to oaths: vows, Loyalty oaths

oath,

vocal affirmation of the truth of one's statements, generally made by appealing to a deity. From the earliest days of human history, calling upon the gods of a community to witness the truth of a statement or the solemnity of a promise has been commonly practiced. The force of the oath depends on the belief that supernatural powers will punish falsehood spoken under oath or the violation of a promise. The oath thus performs wide legal and quasi-legal functions. It was the basis of the medieval process of compurgationcompurgation
, in medieval law, a complete defense. A defendant could establish his innocence or nonliability by taking an oath and by getting a required number of persons to swear they believed his oath.
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. It is still used in legal proceedings today: Thus, a jury is sworn in, and a witness takes an oath before testifying. In modern times, the force of the oath is strengthened by punishment for perjuryperjury
, in criminal law, the act of willfully and knowingly stating a falsehood under oath or under affirmation in judicial or administrative proceedings. If the person accused of perjury had any probable cause for his belief that the statement he made was true, then he is not
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. Difficulties have arisen in cases of atheists or of persons with religious scruples against oath-taking (e.g., Quakers), but statutes have now generally been modified so that a witness may affirm his intention to tell the truth without appealing to a deity. The main classes of oaths are the assertory oath, which concerns past or present facts, and the promissory oath, which refers to future conduct (such as that taken by an alien upon naturalization or by a high government official on assuming office). In the 1950s, fear of Communist subversion led many governmental and educational institutions to institute loyalty oaths, which required employees to swear to their non-membership in the Communist party or other presumptively subversive organizations. In the 1960s these loyalty oath requirements were invalidated by the Supreme Court.
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oath

1. on, upon, or under oath
a. Law having sworn to tell the truth, usually with one's hand on the Bible
2. take an oath to declare formally with an oath or pledge, esp before giving evidence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

OATH

Object-oriented Abstract Type Hierarchy, a class library for C++ from Texas Instruments.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

OATH

(1) (Oath) The previous name of Verizon's media offerings. See Verizon Media Group.

(2) (OATH) (Initiative for Open AuTHentication) A collaboration of security companies devoted to developing strong, standard authentication methods on the Internet.

(2) (OAuth) (Open standard for AUTHorization) A standard that allows a third-party website to gain access to resources without exchanging username and password, providing both sites support OAuth. The third-party site requests a token from the site that holds the user's resources, and if the user authorizes the transaction, a temporary access token is issued to the requesting site.
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References in periodicals archive ?
While Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Amit Shah and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh took oath in Hindi, some members of parliament (MPs) preferred to do so in various regional languages.
It is further observed that for all intents and purposes, the petitioner as well as the private respondents became the additional judges on the said date when they, in fact, made their oaths. 'Such an interpretation is not only logical but also in accordance with the plain meaning of the words employed in the said Notification dated 17.02.2010.'
Fourth, Sandowicz demonstrates that, in these periods (earlier periods in Mesopotamia varied in this regard), negative promissory oaths and all assertory oaths consisted of the protases (e.g., "if I stole the sheep") of conditional statements with the apodoses (e.g., "may the gods punish me") going unstated.
Central to this event is the administration of the Presidential Oath of Office by the Chief Justice.
They re-entered the assembly after the walkout and were administered the oath separately.
In Peshawar, the inaugural session of the K-P commenced with Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader Sardar Aurangzeb Nalota presiding over the oath. Nalota was appointed by governor K-P to fill in for outgoing speaker Asad Qaiser who took the oath in the National Assembly.
Seventeen oaths of Hippocratic stemma were studied when analyzing the prohibition of administering poisonous/deadly drugs.
Returning Officer Sajjad Abro administered oath to them at the ceremony held at YMCA Lawn here.
Ramos and Joseph Estrada were sworn into office together at Rizal Park, while Estrada and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took their oaths at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan.
Deniz Baykal, who served as acting parliament speaker at the opening session, asked Zana to retake the oath correctly but she instead walked out of the assembly.
Later periods followed a similar pattern regarding oaths in that they were mainly about promising fidelity to an individual, usually a monarch, rather than to a state or a body of laws, such as the U.S.
Initially they decided to take oaths in Mullivaikkal in remembrance of Prabhakaran and his men who ended their resistance against the Sri Lankan security force, but subsequently on the advice Bishop Rayappu Joseph, the Bishop of Mannar the oath taking at Mullivaikkal was given up.