oats


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oats,

cereal plants of the genus Avena of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family). Most species are annuals of moist temperate regions. The early history of oats is obscure, but domestication is considered to be recent compared to that of the other grains—perhaps c.2500 B.C. During the Bronze Age, the time when horses were first used as draft animals, oats were widely grown in N Europe but were apparently still uncultivated by the civilizations around the Mediterranean. They have a high nutritive value, but of the oats now grown commercially, less than 5% is for human consumption, chiefly in the form of rolled oats or oatmeal for breakfast foods; they do not contain the glutenous type of protein necessary for making bread. The chief value of oats remains as a pasturage and hay crop, especially for horses. Oats are valuable also in crop rotation and have various industrial uses. Oat hulls are a source of furfuralfurfural
or furfuraldehyde
[Lat.,=bran], C4H3OCHO, viscous, colorless liquid that has a pleasant aromatic odor; upon exposure to air it turns dark brown or black. It boils at about 160°C;.
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, and oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products. Oat straw is preferred by farmers for animal bedding. Diseases such as cereal rusts and smuts (see diseases of plantsdiseases of plants.
Most plant diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Although the term disease is usually used only for the destruction of live plants, the action of dry rot and the rotting of harvested crops in storage or transport is similar to the rots
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) cause a heavy annual crop loss, but disease-resistant varieties of oats are being developed. Russia, Canada, Poland, Finland, Australia, and the United States are the world's leading growers of oats. The common cultivated species (A. sativa), native to Eurasia, is no longer found growing wild. Like wheat, it is broadly classified into spring and winter types, depending upon the season of planting. Oats are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
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oats

oats

Grass that grows to 4ft. Seeds used to make classic “oatmeal” breakfast porridge. Nourishes and restores the body from illness, nervous conditions, lowers blood sugar because of its fiber content. Strengthens blood vessels, due to silica content, preventing insulin damage. High in soluble fiber, so it lowers cholesterol. Good for reproductive organs. Vitamins A, B complex, C, E, G, K, calcium, chromium, cobalt, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, silicon, tin, and protease inhibitors. Antidepressant, nervine used for spasms, relaxing nerves, reducing inflammation, antioxidant, diuretic, endocrine glands, estrogen deficiency, strengthens bones and other tissues, stabilizes blood sugar levels, anti-viral, anti-tumor (protease inhibitors), antibacterial, lowers blood pressure, thyroid problems, drug withdrawal and hyperactivity, laxative, diuretic. Oatgrass feeds intestinal flora (probiotics). Good for skin problems. The seeds also contain a cancer fighting compound called, "b-sitosterol," a natural remedy to prevent tumor formation. Roasted oat grass seeds can be used as a coffee substitute with less caffeine. Oatmeal added to baths or made into poultices is a folk remedy for dry, itchy skin and eczema.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based in Bedford, England, European Oat Millers produces oat products, including various oat flakes, flour and groats, as well as wheat and barley flakes and extruded ingredients and products.
They weighed the cattle at the beginning and end of the grazing periods and evaluated the content of the oats for their nutritional value and the amount of forage mass produced.
Oats are at the core of General Mills business, with more than 600 products in the companys U.
Two reports were available for steel-cut oats, 28 measurements for muesli and granola, 11 measurements for large flake oats, 7 measurements for quick oats, 9 measurements for instant oats, and 15 measurements for rolled oats (type unspecified).
IMARC's latest study "Oats Processing Plant Project Report: Industry Trends, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Cost and Revenue" provides a techno-commercial roadmap for setting up an oats processing plant.
What's more, all forms of oats oat bran, oatmeal or other oatcontaining foods appear to be beneficial.
During processing, the OatPure gluten-free oats are heat treated for optimum food safety and stability, before being dried, stored and milled in dedicated gluten-free facilities.
Effects of oats on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins in C57BL/6 mice are substrain- specific.
Varieties of oats developed by IBERS account for 65% of all oats used in the UK each year.
Brewing a beverage with high levels of unmalted common Avena sativa oats has proven to be successful despite the high levels of beta-glucan, protein and fat.
Now there is research showing that certain varieties of oats contain components of the antigen called alpha-gliadin, and others do not.