oats


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oats,

cereal plants of the genus Avena of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family). Most species are annuals of moist temperate regions. The early history of oats is obscure, but domestication is considered to be recent compared to that of the other grains—perhaps c.2500 B.C. During the Bronze Age, the time when horses were first used as draft animals, oats were widely grown in N Europe but were apparently still uncultivated by the civilizations around the Mediterranean. They have a high nutritive value, but of the oats now grown commercially, less than 5% is for human consumption, chiefly in the form of rolled oats or oatmeal for breakfast foods; they do not contain the glutenous type of protein necessary for making bread. The chief value of oats remains as a pasturage and hay crop, especially for horses. Oats are valuable also in crop rotation and have various industrial uses. Oat hulls are a source of furfuralfurfural
or furfuraldehyde
[Lat.,=bran], C4H3OCHO, viscous, colorless liquid that has a pleasant aromatic odor; upon exposure to air it turns dark brown or black. It boils at about 160°C;.
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, oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products, and oats are processed with heated water to produced oat milk. Oat straw is preferred by farmers for animal bedding. Diseases such as cereal rusts and smuts (see diseases of plantsdiseases of plants.
Most plant diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Although the term disease is usually used only for the destruction of live plants, the action of dry rot and the rotting of harvested crops in storage or transport is similar to the rots
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) cause a heavy annual crop loss, but disease-resistant varieties of oats are being developed. Russia, Canada, Poland, Finland, Australia, and the United States are the world's leading growers of oats. The common cultivated species (A. sativa), native to Eurasia, is no longer found growing wild. Like wheat, it is broadly classified into spring and winter types, depending upon the season of planting. Oats are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
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oats

oats

Grass that grows to 4ft. Seeds used to make classic “oatmeal” breakfast porridge. Nourishes and restores the body from illness, nervous conditions, lowers blood sugar because of its fiber content. Strengthens blood vessels, due to silica content, preventing insulin damage. High in soluble fiber, so it lowers cholesterol. Good for reproductive organs. Vitamins A, B complex, C, E, G, K, calcium, chromium, cobalt, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, silicon, tin, and protease inhibitors. Antidepressant, nervine used for spasms, relaxing nerves, reducing inflammation, antioxidant, diuretic, endocrine glands, estrogen deficiency, strengthens bones and other tissues, stabilizes blood sugar levels, anti-viral, anti-tumor (protease inhibitors), antibacterial, lowers blood pressure, thyroid problems, drug withdrawal and hyperactivity, laxative, diuretic. Oatgrass feeds intestinal flora (probiotics). Good for skin problems. The seeds also contain a cancer fighting compound called, "b-sitosterol," a natural remedy to prevent tumor formation. Roasted oat grass seeds can be used as a coffee substitute with less caffeine. Oatmeal added to baths or made into poultices is a folk remedy for dry, itchy skin and eczema.
References in periodicals archive ?
For Barbara Bolton, co-founder of Go Vegan Scotland and in-house legal counsel for Go Vegan World, said the benefits of oat milk would not just be financial.
In a mug, beat eggs together with milk and oats. Add in the rest of the ingredients and season to taste.
"As part of a heart-healthy diet, the soluble fiber in oatmeal can help reduce cholesterol," says Quaker Quick 1-Minute Oats.
"By eating well, and including oats in our diet, we do a lot to support our heart health and overall wellbeing.
Oat milk has three times the protein of its almond-based rival and at least twice the fiber, though it's higher in carbs.
Based in Bedford, England, European Oat Millers produces oat products, including various oat flakes, flour and groats, as well as wheat and barley flakes and extruded ingredients and products.
Dairy producers, however, need guidance on when to allow their cattle to start grazing the fall oats and which oat cultivars to use.
In a bowl, toss together 1 cup rinsed oats, 1/2 cup tomato, 1/3 cup chopped cucumber, 3 tablespoons chopped red onion, 1 1/2 tablespoon oil, and 1 tablespoon lemon juice.
Searching PubMed and Scopus, authors searched for original journal articles using the search terms "oat, oats, oatmeal, porridge, granola, or muesli and glycaemic/ glycemic index (GI)".
Arlington, VA, July 10, 2015 --(PR.com)-- Oats represent a major food source and currently rank seventh in the world production of cereals after maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and millet.