obbligato

(redirected from obligato)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

obbligato

(ŏbləgä`tō) [Ital.,=obligatory], in music, originally a term by which a composer indicated that a certain part was indispensable to the music. Obbligato was thus the direct opposite to ad libitum [Lat.,=at will], which indicated that the part so marked was unessential and might be omitted. Misunderstanding of the term obbligato, however, resulted in a reversal of its meaning; when a violin part, for example, is added to a song it is called a violin obbligato, whereas it may be a superfluous ornament for which ad libitum would be a more precise direction.

Obbligato

 

an instrumental part in a musical work that must not be omitted; it is obligatory that it be performed. Obbligato parts can be of varying importance—ranging from those that are significant but still form part of the accompaniment to parts that share equal significance with the featured solo part. In 17th- and 18th-century operas, oratorios, and cantatas (for example, in Bach’s Mass in B Minor) one often encounters arias, and sometimes even duets, with the participation of an obbligato instrument (or several instruments) and the orchestra. The opposite of obbligato is ad libitum (“at will”).

obbligato

, obligato Music
1. not to be omitted in performance
2. an essential part in a score
References in periodicals archive ?
The work chosen to explore the telephone chain of copies is an SATB anthem with strings, organ, and obligato flute found in all three Labrador collections, most often under the title Nalegak Jesuse piulijivut.
This is a two-part treble chorus plus obligato, organ, keyboard, large bell and assorted small bells.
3 in A Major for harpsichord with violin obligato (1788), a transcription of Viotti's Concerto No.
Solo passages by all four players were outstanding and guitarist John Abercrombie decorated the ensembles with pretty obligato. The playing, both collectively and individually, was brilliant.
E per l'incontro io son obligato, quando sii ridotta intieramente tutta essa opera nella sena, darvi ducati 50, et altri ducati 50 al tempo che sia corsa la metth delle recite.
Was there ever a time when we didn't have Northern Ireland and its off-Balkan resentments as a permanent obligato to the news?
In 'Obligato from the public gallery,' he expresses the public mistrust of and disaffection with political abstractions and diversionary.
Item, promette detto Signor Geronimo di dare al Molto Illustre Signor Filiberto Laurenzi scudi d'argento numero sessanta per che egli sia obligato sonare cosi nelle prove, come in tutte le opere che nel soprascritto theatro il Carnoval venturo si faranno.
In between the front and back of the restaurant lies a cathedral-like kitchen where we watch the ritual processes which turn the raw into the cooked, accompanied by the innocent song of a boy whose religious obligato spiritualizes his physical task of dishwashing into the petition "wash me clean, make me holy" (Psalm 51).
Questa riflessione ricorda indubbiamente il capitolo ventitreesimo del secondo libro del Cortegiano, in cui ci si chiede "se un gentilomo, mentre che serve a un principe, e obligato a ubidirgli in tutte le cose che gli commanda, ancor che fossero disoneste e vituperose." La risposta dei diversi interlocutori chiarisce che bisogna "ubidire al signor vostro in tutte le cose che a lui sono utili ed onorevoli, non in quelle che gli sono di danno e di vergogna" (225).
sing, which Beach later embroidered with a sympathetic violin obligato.