Oblique sections became of interest after the 2009 regulations forced the inboard end of the front wing flap to have a cliff edge at y = 250 mm full scale.
Figure 20 presents the results of vorticity fields in several planes from the measurement of vertical oblique sections that show the evidence that the Y250 vortex acts as a downwash generator and the high velocity flows are guided under the car.
These phenomena were investigated using the PIV system for vertical oblique sections and for transverse sections, respectively.
Structural reinforced concrete, steel and composite steel-concrete members (beams and columns) must be analysed at a sufficient number of cross and oblique sections to ensure that the requirements of design codes are satisfied at all sections along the beams and columns.
C] is the conventional resistance of normal or oblique sections, [S.
The long-term survival probabilities of normal or oblique sections as particular members having one single failure mode and beams as structural mixed auto systems representing multicriteria failure mode may be calculated by the method of unsophisticated transformed conditional probabilities.