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Obstetric Forceps. New York: Harper & Row, Hoeber Medical Division; 1968.
Vacuum extraction lessens the risk of maternal lacerations, either of the lower genital tract in the case of obstetric forceps, or of the cervix and lower uterine segment in the case of cesarean section.
Although vacuum extraction is associated with a wide range of soft tissue injuries, they are often less serious than the fetal scalp injuries associated with obstetric forceps. Cup marks, bruising, and minor lacerations of the scalp and caput succedaneum are common fetal injuries, although the majority resolve without apparent sequelae.