occam


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Ockham

, Occam
William of. died ?1349, English nominalist philosopher, who contested the temporal power of the papacy and ended the conflict between nominalism and realism

occam

(language)
(Note lower case) A language based on Anthony Hoare's CSP and David May's EPL. Named after the English philosopher, William of Occam (1300-1349) who propounded Occam's Razor. The occam language was designed by David May of INMOS to easily describe concurrent processes which communicate via one-way channels. It was developed to run on the INMOS transputer but compilers are available for VAX, Sun and Intel MDS, inter alia.

The basic entity in occam is the process of which there are four fundamental types, assignment, input, output, and wait. More complex processes are constructed from these using SEQ to specify sequential execution, PAR to specify parallel execution and ALT where each process is associated with an input from a channel. The process whose channel inputs first is executed. The fourth constructor is IF with a list of conditions and associated processes. The process executed is the one with the first true condition in textual order. There is no operator precedence.

The original occam is now known as "occam 1". It was extended to occam 2.

Simulator for VAX.

Tahoe mailing list: <occam@sutcase.case.syr.edu>.

[David May et al, 1982. "Concurrent algorithms"].

["Occam", D. May, SIGPLAN Notices 18(4):69-79, 1983].

occam

An early parallel processing language from Inmos Limited that was developed in the 1980s to handle concurrent operations. The Inmos Transputer executed occam almost directly. In the following statements, two items of data are read and incremented at the same time. PAR specifies that following statements are to be executed concurrently, and SEQ indicates that the following statements are executed sequentially. See transputer.

PARSEQchan1 ? item1item1 := item1 + 1SEQchan2 ? item2item2 := item2 + 1
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And the basis for this conclusion - William of Occam's razor.
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The Franciscan Friar William of Occam said it best about 700 years ago in the form of the principle of parsimony, which we now know as Occam's Razor.
Si bien en la decada de 1970 sus intereses mudaron hacia la literatura, con la publicacion de Manual del Distraido (1980), Suenos de Occam (1983), El cielo de Sotero (1987) y La Fabula de las Regiones (1988), entre otros, y mas recientemente, la novela Eden, vida imaginada (2006), Alejandro Rossi no dejo de interesarse por el rumbo que tomaba la revista Critica y la filosofia analitica en Mexico.