splint

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Related to Occlusal splint: bruxism, dental splint

splint,

rigid or semiflexible device for the immobilization of displaced or fractured parts of the body. Most commonly employed for fractures of bones, a splint may be a first-aid measure that allows the patient to be moved without displacing the injured part, or it may be a means of fixation to immobilize the bones until healing is complete. Any material that offers the degree of resistance required may be used for a temporary splint, e.g., cloth, gauze, plaster, or metal. Splints made of plastic and fiberglass are now molded to fit specific parts of the body. Air splints are made of rubber or plastic that can be blown up to effectively immobilize a limb.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Splint

 

a device for immobilizing injured parts of the body. A splint is applied to a fracture, sprain, or areas with extensive injury to soft tissues; it is also applied in cases of inflammatory diseases of the limbs, in cases of burns, and after surgery on bones, blood vessels, and nerves in the extremities. A distinction is made between transport and therapeutic splints.

Transport splints are applied as a first-aid remedy before the victim is transported to a medical facility. The purpose is to immobilize the injured part and prevent the development of traumatic shock or increased bleeding when bone fragments are moved. Standard transport splints are made of wood, of wire (several types measuring 75 to 100 cm in length and 6 to 10 cm in width are available), which easily conforms to the contour of the limb regardless of the site of the injury, or of plastic. There are also pneumatic and vacuum types. If standard splints are not available, immobilization during transport can be achieved by improvising splints from available materials, such as a board, a ski, a piece of plywood, or a stick. In applying a transport splint it is important that the two segments adjoining the injured one also be immobilized. For example, in the case of a shin fracture, the splint is secured to the foot, crus, and thigh by bandages; in the case of a shoulder fracture, it is applied to the forearm, shoulder, and chest. The splint should be padded with soft material to prevent ulcération.

Therapeutic splints are used for extended immobilization, for the length of time required for a fracture to heal. For example, metal splints are used in skeletal traction. In stomatology, splints made of wire or quick-hardening plastic, special appliances, or arches are used to immobilize the parts in fractures of the upper or lower jaw and after ostéoplastie surgery of the jaw.

V. F. POZHARISKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

splint

[splint]
(geology)
(medicine)
A stiff or flexible material applied to an anatomical part in order to protect it, immobilize it, or restrict its motion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

splint

1. a rigid support for restricting movement of an injured part, esp a broken bone
2. Vet science inflammation of the small metatarsal or metacarpal bones along the side of the cannon bone of a horse
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The hypothesis we aimed to examine in this study was whether changes in peak muscular force, as measured by handgrip strength tests, occur by applying an occlusal splint to martial arts athletes.
Mhatre, "TMJ disorders and occlusal splint therapy-a review," International Journal of Dental Clinics, vol.
Increase of condylar displacement between centric relation and maximal habitual intercuspation after occlusal splint therapy.
In short previous studies have found that treatments of TMD with occlusal splints have effects on both pain symptoms and depression and we also know that depression is associated to lower levels of serotonin.
The use of occlusal splints to improve TMD signs and symptoms is controversial.4 Objective of this study was to compare the soft and hard occlusal splints for the treatment of TMPDs, to find out the best occlusal splint option for the benefit of TMDs patients.
Karam, "MRI-based determination of occlusal splint thickness for temporomandibular joint disk derangement: a randomized controlled clinical trial," Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, vol.
The first recording occurred during the initial examination before occlusal splint use, at mandibular rest and during teeth clenching, both for 30 seconds (1st record).
Tan et al., "Clinical and radiological outcomes after treatment of sagittal fracture of mandibular condyle (SFMC) by using occlusal splint in children," British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
Despite the etiological factor associated with the psychosocial sphere, this provides valuable information for proper diagnosis, and correct treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction is primarily occlusal splint, correction of occlusal contact, and numerous supporting physiotherapy treatments, such as biostimulation laser, sonophoresis, and manual techniques [1, 2, 5, 25-28].
Arthrocentesis associated with occlusal splint for the treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders.
Caption: Figure 7: The anterior teeth were treated using a fixed restoration according to the anterior guidance of the transitional occlusal splint. The red marks indicate the centric occlusion; the blue marks show the protrusive occlusion.