occupational mobility

occupational mobility

the movement of individuals through different levels in a hierarchy of occupational positions (see OCCUPATIONAL SCALES). The case with which individuals may achieve this is usually an indication of the open or closed nature of the CLASS system of a particular society (GIDDENS, 1973). Occupational mobility may be upward or downward, and may be either individual or collective. The latter is often achieved through strategies of occupational closure, such as PROFESSIONALIZATION. The medical profession in the 19th-century is a good example of how successful this strategy can be in raising the income, STATUS and prestige of an occupation.

The degree of occupational mobility may be measured either inter-or intra-generationally In these cases the extent of movement achieved is used as a measure of SOCIAL MOBILITY. This is a complex are a of research (Heath, 1981), since the comparison of rates of or chances for social mobility is complicated by variations in the grading of occupations on different scales, historical changes in the status of different kinds of work, the appearance of new kinds of jobs (e.g. those concerned with NEW TECHNOLOGY) and the decline of old ones (e.g. those in traditional ‘smoke stack’ industries), as well as genuine improvements in chances for upward mobility through better educational provision.

References in periodicals archive ?
It consists of three components: firstly, labor migration and occupational mobility, secondly, the mobilisation of the diaspora for development and finally, the economic and social reintegration of returnees, which has been the subject of signature of an agreement between the OTE and the Offi.
Contract notice: Project management and support of the bmvi for the implementation of funding projects within the framework of the funding program for occupational mobility management
Drawing on data from Understanding Society (US), supported by the Labour Force Survey (LFS), we examine how rates of absolute and relative intergenerational occupational mobility vary across 19 regions of England, Scotland and Wales.
The next series of tables examines the effect of immigrant entrance class on occupational mobility by province.
The May 2016 study - the fifth in a series of NFL diversity and inclusion reports dating back to 2013 - looked into occupational mobility for coaching and front-office positions.
However, whereas we expect that Poland's above-EU-average growth will continue in 2015 and 2016, on a longer term horizon, low regional and occupational mobility, suppressed participation rate of women, market segmentation and high youth unemployment might impair the growth trajectory.
Occupational mobility and risk factors in working men: selection, causality or both?
This interest in occupational fit is motivated by the fact that occupational mobility also declines over the life cycle.
Leaving educational and occupational mobility behind in terms of the empirical expeditions undertaken.
Recalls are also associated with better wage changes and with much lower occupational mobility.
The topics addressed are: evidence of Chinese employer hiring practices towards overqualified workers; migration, remittances, and rural employment patterns; entrepreneurship of the left-behind; gender and occupational mobility in urban China during the economic transition; expanding social insurance coverage in urban China; and incentive problems in China's new rural pension program.
In connection with the objective of promoting employment and occupational mobility, for example, member states will have to put in place employment services for job seekers and non-active persons and support labour mobility.

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