This is some progress from the 1970s, however, when husbands rarely scaled back to help out with family responsibilities and instead just accrued and retained privileges within marriage as a result of their occupational prestige
," says Becker.
Occupation represented a score on a 100-point occupational prestige
scale constructed with the 1980 census occupational classifications and the 1989 National Opinion Research Center prestige scores.
We considered that possibility by making British-American comparisons on the relationships between educational attainment and two important outcomes with which educational attainment would be expected to be correlated: occupational prestige
and cognitive skill.
132] For men, membership in a fraternal or service organization decreases the chances of using weak ties to find a job, which in turn reduces the quality of the job found, as measured by occupational prestige
One would certainly assume that occupational prestige
is a function of level of education, and that income is, in turn, a function of occupational prestige
Occupational status of respondent was coded according to the detailed codes for the International Occupational Prestige
Scale (Treiman, 1977) and the father's occupational status was coded in the same way.
The SEI is a proxy measure of occupational prestige
made up of two components: the incomes and educational levels of holders of occupations.
Parental occupation in the kibbutz was measured by the Kibbutz Occupational Prestige
Scale developed by Adar (1988).
21) One implication was that occupational prestige
hierarchies were "invariant in all complex societies,"(22) meaning that because all societies followed the same path of differentiation, particular occupations were granted the same degree of authority in all societies at the same stage of development.
They wisely choose to use several indicators of class: education, occupational prestige
, income, and subjective class identification.
Thus, inequalities in the society have continued to exist and the relative occupational prestige
positions of the various castes in the villages have largely remained constant over generations.
Parents' occupations were coded for their level of social prestige based on the NORC/GSS (National Opinion Research Center/General Social Survey) Occupational Prestige
Scale (Nakao & Treas, 1994).