Occupational Hazard

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Occupational Hazard

 

a factor in the work process or industrial environment that adversely affects the health and performance of the worker and, under certain conditions, can lead to an occupational disease. Occupational hazards may cause the efficiency of the worker to decline. They may give rise to acute and chronic poisonings or diseases, increase general (nonoccupational) morbidity, and produce long-term negative effects on, for example, heredity and the development of neoplasms. Occupational hazards include constrained, uncomfortable working positions; neuropsychic, visual, and auditory stress; and heavy physical labor. Physical hazards include noise, vibration, ultrasound, electromagnetic fields, high or low atmospheric pressure, and ionizing, ultraviolet, infrared, or laser radiation. Chemical hazards include organic and inorganic compounds, and biological hazards include antibiotics, hormones, and the causative agents of infectious diseases. Other occupational hazards include dust, unfavorable weather conditions, poor lighting and ventilation, and the increased risk of traumatism.

REFERENCES

See reference under occupational disease.

A. A. KASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
In the following are presented the proposed objectives and scenario for a future research regarding the occupational risk evaluation in the context of the financial opportunities given by the PN II program in Romania, and the specific Ideas Exploratory Projects format.
Of course, SARS is not the only infection that presents an occupational risk to healthcare workers.
The second part consists of regression analysis in order to observe the reflection of socioeconomic condition and occupational risk level on reimbursements.
Other researchers have not found that occupational risk of fatal injury is an important determinant of wage-risk premiums but their research does show that employees, including accountants as well as other occupations, receive statistically significant wage-risk premiums when employed in high death risk industries.
It provides the opportunity to focus on various aspects related to the appropriate implementation of the National Programme for Occupational Risks Management for the 2009-2011 period, in accordance with the policy guidelines and objectives of the presidential programme in the area of health and safety at work.
What can be expected of American restaurant and grocery chains in the way of monitoring the occupational risks of suppliers?
Infection with SFV has been confirmed previously in only two Persons, both of whom had occupational risks for infection; associated disease was not reported in either person (3).
The first part covers the following topics on preventing illness in children: how infections spread; handwashing; separation into age groups; nappy changing and toileting; cleaning toys, clothing, and the center; food safety; animals; dealing with spills of blood and other fluids; children's wading pools; immunization; watching for and recording infections in children; exclusion of sick children and staff; occupational risks for child care workers; and the role of public health workers.
However, the costs of emergency room use by immigrants appear relatively low, despite their occupational risks and low rates of having a usual source of care," concluded Ms.
the objective is to ensure, at the hospital center of clermont-ferrand, the necessary interventions for a well-being at work, including, in fact, the issue of rps, and occupational risks.

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