occupational structure

occupational structure

the DIVISION OF LABOUR within the economy, and by extension also society, largely in sectoral and status terms. Sectorally, the division of occupations has been classified into primary, secondary and tertiary sectors, a schema commonly used by sociologists studying INDUSTRIALIZATION and POSTINDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. In status terms the concept centrally informs the study of socioeconomic categories (CLASSES) for, in Parkin's (1971) classic statement, ‘The backbone of the class structure … of modern Western society, is the occupational order’.

Probably the best-known and most-used schema (within the UK) has been developed by GOLDTHORPE et al. (1980), derived from the earlier Hope-Goldthorpe Scales (see OCCUPATIONAL SCALES) for the analysis of SOCIAL MOBILITY. The concept has, historically been blind to the involvement of women in the workforce, tending to focus on the occupations of adult males only (Walby, 1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
The flaw here, though, is that they will have to face off with the occupational structure and this means hierarchy and exclusion, no sure guarantee that the new included will find greater equality in a system that dispenses so many low wages.
In addition to identifying occupational structure and economic activity for employees as per a number of variables including average of annual salaries.
It also aims to identifying occupational structure and economic activity for employees as per a number of variables including average of annual salaries.
Moreover, as the economist Timothy Taylor recently pointed out, the rate of change of the occupational structure, defined as the absolute value of jobs added in growing occupations and jobs lost in declining occupations, has been slowing, not accelerating, since the 1980s.
In accessing, a certain occupational status an important role is played by a series of factors such as the residence area, quality of the educational process, existing occupational structure within the society etc.
We then go further, examining how observed patterns in Inner London may be explained by patterns of domestic and international migration, the class origins of migrants, and change in the occupational structure of a given region over time.
In particular, it compares the occupational structure of elderly workers with that of workers aged 45 through 65.
Moreover, official projections suggest continued gradual change in the occupational structure in the next 10 years.
This is not to be confused with occupational structure, which refers to the distribution of workers between occupations.
The industrial and occupational structure in the North is very different.
Among their topics are the flow of soul: a sociological study of generosity in England and Wales 2001-11, a longitudinal perspective on social connectedness and generalized trust, social capital and the social relations of occupational structure, social capital and life satisfaction in Australia, and institution-spanning social capital and its income returns in China.

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