occupational therapy

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occupational therapy

Med treatment of people with physical, emotional, or social problems, using purposeful activity to help them overcome or learn to deal with their problems

Occupational Therapy

 

the use of work for therapeutic purposes. Occupational therapy may be prescribed, for example, to improve body tone or to normalize metabolic activity—in which case treatment takes the form of outdoor work, such as gardening, that involves many of the muscles. In traumatology and orthopedics, functional restoration of the extremities may be achieved through specific forms of physical work with a given range of movements and the use of some particular groups of muscles.

Occupational therapy is most extensively used in psychiatric treatment for its beneficial effect on mental patients. The type of work prescribed depends on the patient’s condition and may have a stimulating or a tranquilizing effect. In subacute and chronic mental diseases or states of mind in which the personality is altered, occupational therapy can significantly contribute to the patient’s social and occupational rehabilitation. Work of gradually increasing complexity serves to exercise and strengthen compensatory processes, thus facilitating the transition to regular industrial work. Socially useful work and the influence of co-workers also have therapeutic and prophylactic value.

In the USSR, psychiatric hospitals and clinics usually have special occupational therapy workshops for the treatment of mental patients. Staff members of psychiatric institutions organize work activities in the patients’ homes and in various hospital departments as well as in the special workshops. Workshop personnel includes nurses and physicians who observe the patients, make recommendations with respect to work activities, and administer medications.

REFERENCES

Grebliovskii, M. Ia. Trudovaia terapiia psikhicheskikh bol’nykh. Moscow, 1966.
Kaptelin, A. F. Vosstanovitel’noe léchente (lechebnaia fizkul’tura, massazh i trudoterapiia) pri travmakh i deformatsiiakh oporno-dvigatel’nogo apparata. Moscow, 1969.
Rubinova, F. S. Effektivnost’ trudovoi terapii pri psikhicheskikh zabolevaniiakh. Leningrad, 1971.
Khvilivitskii, T. Ia., and B. B. Malakhov. Trudovaia terapiia ifarmakologicheskoe lechenie bol’nykh shizofreniei v ambulatornykh usloviiakh. Leningrad, 1975.

M. I. FOTIANOV

occupational therapy

[‚ä·kyə′pā·shən·əl ′ther·ə·pē]
(medicine)
The teaching of skills or the use of selected occupations for therapeutic or rehabilitation purposes.
References in periodicals archive ?
After graduation, an occupational therapist may practice as a generalist in a variety of settings or complete additional training and earn a board certification in one of several specialty areas.
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Referred eating to occupational therapist for group intervention.
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Being an OTR basically assures the public that the occupational therapist who is treating them has reached a certain standard of competency," Hand Therapy unit acting supervisor Monique LeBlanc said.
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The event at Leicester City FC's Walkers Stadium on May 23 will include: occupational therapist Elaine Cowley discussing how a childhood in front of the TV is detrimental to development; former BCLA president Martin Lloyd speaking on the overlap between a sports science graduate and a Sportvision practitioner; and researcher Angela Egan will exclusively reveal the findings of her study on how uncorrected ametropia in one eye can effect performance in a game of rugby.
The HPC Conduct and Competence Committee in London heard how the occupational therapist admitted he was not aware of the appropriate safety procedures and gave inappropriate clinical advice.
Most of the book comprises exercises, with some text addressed to the occupational therapist overseeing the work.
AN occupational therapist who was given police cautions in August and October 2004 after shoplifting in Sunderland and Newcastle, has been struck off.

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