Hypothesis: Does ochratoxin A
cause testicular cancer?
This type of feed can be highly contaminated with mycotoxins, in particular ochratoxin A
(OTA; Visconti & Botallico 1983).
Among the mycotoxins of agricultural importance, ochratoxin A
(OTA) is known to be a potent toxin having hepatotoxic, carcinogenic, nephrotoxic and immuno-reducing properties (Smith and Moss, 1985).
Biomarkers of human exposure to ochratoxin A
. Food Addit Contam 2005; 22: (Suppl 1) 99-107.
The commission also adopted guidance to enable coffee-producing countries to develop their own programs addressing ochratoxin A
contamination, a fungal toxin that is considered a possible cancer-causing agent.
The Committee also evaluated the risk posed by two food contaminants namely, aflatoxin and ochratoxin A
to recommend risk management options in order to protect public health.
Topics of the other nine chapters include microalgae in novel food products, the ochratoxin A
concentration in wines, the role of amylose and amylopectin in starchy foods, protein and lipid recovery from food processing by-products, and the gelation of high methoxy pectins.
VICAM, a world leader in food safety diagnostics, has announced that AOAC International has awarded Official Method First Action status to the protocol: "Determination of Aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 and Ochratoxin A
in Ginseng and Ginger by Multitoxin Immunoaffinity Column Clean-up and Liquid Chromatographic Quantitation." The method, AOAC number 2008.02, is the first ever to be approved for the simultaneous detection of aflatoxins (AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2) and ochratoxin A
Another was a new code that should prevent or reduce contamination in wines of Ochratoxin A
, a mycotoxin known to be toxic to the kidneys.
"We do however need to think more carefully about storage mycotoxins and particularly Ochratoxin A
which can occur within days if grain at higher moisture levels is not dried quickly enough."
Green Cuisine chilli and Bart Spices paprika also had high levels of ochratoxin A
, linked to kidney cancer.