octet

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octet

1. any group of eight, esp eight singers or musicians
2. a piece of music composed for such a group
3. Prosody another word for octave (sense 2)
4. Chem a group of eight electrons forming a stable shell in an atom

Octet

 

(1) A musical composition for eight performers, usually instrumentalists, less frequently for eight vocalists (usually with instrumental accompaniment). Among the instrumental octets, string and wind octets are encountered; more common are mixed octets, for example, Schubert’s octet for strings, clarinet, French horn, and bassoon.

(2) An ensemble of eight performers (instrumentalists or vocalists).

octet

[äk′tet]
(atomic physics)
A collection of eight valence electrons in an atom or ion, which form the most stable configuration of the outermost, or valence, electron shell.
(particle physics)
A multiplet of eight elementary particles, corresponding to a representation of the approximate unitary symmetry (SU3) of the strong interactions.

octet

(jargon, networking)
Eight bits. This term is used in networking, in preference to byte, because some systems use the term "byte" for things that are not 8 bits long.

octet

An eight-bit storage unit. In the international community, octet is the term often used instead of byte. See bitstream.