"This cell culture system can help identify new genes contributing to the resilience in oculomotor
neurons that could be used in gene therapy to strengthen sensitive motor neurons," said Eva Hedlund, who led the study.
SETX-related ataxia with oculomotor
apraxia type 2 was inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.
In this case, MRI with contrast revealed the diffuse contrast enhancement in the cisternal segment of the left oculomotor
Here, we presented an unusual case that mimicked oculomotor
nerve palsy at initial presentation, but the pathology was Orbital Pseudotumour.
Lid ptosis is caused by either the involvement of the sympathetic fibers arising from the cavernous sinus, resulting in loss of tone of Mueller muscles, or the involvement of the somatic efferent fibers that course along the superior branch of the oculomotor
nerve, resulting in loss of tone of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle. The fixed dilated pupil which presents with dilatation, fixation, and loss of accommodation of the ipsilateral pupil arises due to disruption of the parasympathetic fibers coursing with the oculomotor
nerve, resulting in paralysis of the pupillary ciliary muscle.,
nerve and muscle abnomialities in congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles.
* Cranial neuropathies must be excluded: optic > abducens > trigeminal > oculomotor
> trochlear,  as these may be indicative of invasive disease, and would warrant urgent referral.
(8,9) The most frequently involved cranial nerve is the oculomotor
nerve, followed by abducens nerve.
, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerve palsies are well-recognised complications with the abducens nerve being the most commonly affected one.
Eye trackers provide data sensitivity that makes them suitable for analyzing oculomotor
abnormalities in AD.
Because of idiosyncratic features of the oculomotor
system, this process is conducted independently for each examined person .
Complete resolution of the palsy with full recovery of oculomotor
balance was achieved in the following weeks or first two months after the initial presentation, in all episodes.