oenothera biennis

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Related to oenothera biennis: Oenothera fruticosa, evening primrose
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evening primrose

evening primrose

4-5 feet tall (1.5m) The yellow 4-petal flowers open at night, close during the day and grow on branches off the main stem. Soft hairy stem, alternating leaves, High in Omega essential fatty acids (especially the oil made from the seeds), and GLA, a fatty acid the body doesn’t produce, that helps prevent hardening of the arteries, heart disease, eczema, cirrhosis of the liver, multiple sclerosis, and high blood pressure. Evening Primrose is used to lower cholesterol, help sex hormones, both estrogen and testosterone, PMS, menopause, uterine muscles, nervous system, metabolism, diabetes, epilepsy, weight loss, endometriosis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, cough, migraines, relieve pain and inflammation, breast problems, bowel pains, hemorrhoids, prostate issues and gastro-intestinal disorders. Use in raw stir fry, casserole dishes. The whole plant is edible. Harvest seed pods before they flower, use like ochra. Seed pods are full of lots of tiny seeds. Root tea can be applied to hemorrhoids. The bark and the leaves are astringent and sedative.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
References in periodicals archive ?
Nachtkerze (Oenothera biennis L.) Beine alternative im Land Brandenburg.
Keywords: Evening Primrose oil Oenothera biennis Sterols Macrophages Nitric oxide Inflammation Cytokine
The effect of reproduction on canopy structure, allocation and growth in Oenothera biennis. Journal of Ecology 79:1061-1071.
Seed mass, genotype, and density effects on growth and yield of Oenothera biennis L.
Aiton x Nyssa sylvatica Marshall x x x Oenothera biennis L.
INGREDIENTS % WT Phase A BioChemica Sesame Seed Oil-certified organic 35.43 (HallStar) (Sesamum indicum (sesame) seed oil) BioChemica Pumpkin Seed Essential Oil-certified 28.34 organic (Ha11Star) (Cucurbita pepo (pumpkin) seed oil) BioChemica Olive Oil--certified organic (HallStar) 14.98 (Olea europaea (olive) fruit oil) BioChemica Avocado Oil ultra refined-certified 13.16 organic (HallStar) (Persea gratissima (avocado) oil) BioChemica Evening Primrose Oil-certified organic 7.59 (HallStar) (Oenothera biennis (Evening primrose) oil) BioChemica Vitamin E Natural (HallStar) (Tocopherol) 0.50
Kumar, "Phytotoxic and antimicrobial constituents of Argyreia speciosa and Oenothera biennis," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Several plant species, such as evening primrose (Oenothera biennis), common borage (Borago officinalis), blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) and various Echium species, also contain the GLA and stearidonic acid in their leaf lipids and as major components of their seed (Zhou et al., 2006).
There are lots of night scented plants such as Oenothera biennis (evening primrose), Nicotiana alata (tobacco plant), Lonicera perclymenum (honeysuckle) and Matthiola bicornis (nightscented stock), to attract the nocturnal insects.
Morrison and Reekie (1995) observed increased photosynthetic rates of undamaged leaves that compensated for the leaf area removed in Oenothera biennis. In addition, leaf herbivory could weed out the less resistant individuals in a population (i.e., Maschinski and Whitham 1989).
The UK situation is more akin to the US, the British Department of Medicine having, to the best of my knowledge, approved only the herbal evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) oil for mastalgia and atopic eczema.