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Related to oesophagitis: Reflux oesophagitis, hiatus hernia


Inflammation of the esophagus.



inflammation of the mucosa of the esophagus. Esophagitis may be an independent disease or, more often, a symptom of another disease of the esophagus, stomach, or other organ. The inflammation is frequently caused by chemical, mechanical, or thermal irritation of the esophagus; for example, it may be caused by eating very hot and spicy food.

Catarrhal, phlegmonous, necrotic, and other forms of esophagitis are distinguished based on the severity of the inflammatory changes. In severe cases the inflammatory process may extend to the muscular layer of the esophagus, and sometimes, to the surrounding mediastinal tissue, giving rise to mediastinitis. One form of the disease, peptic esophagitis, is caused mostly by a reflux of the acidic contents of the stomach into the esophageal lumen in cases of hiatus hernia. Peptic esophagitis is sometimes associated with the development of an ulcer in the esophageal wall.

The course of the disease may be acute or chronic. Chronic esophagitis is frequently caused by alcohol abuse or smoking. The symptoms include a burning sensation, retrosternal pain on swallowing, excessive salivation, and regurgitation of food. Esophagoscopy is sometimes used to diagnose the disease. Treatment is by diet (eliminating coarse, hot, and acidic foods), pain relievers, astringent and antispasmodic drugs, and, in some forms, antibiotics and surgery.


Vasilenko, V. Kh., A. L. Grebnev, and M. M. Sal’man. Bolezni pishchevoda. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
This is a deadly offshoot of oesophagitis in which the composition of inner walls of the food pipe changes.
Clinical and endoscopic predictors of histological oesophagitis in infants.
Although the endoscopic appearance of candidiasis is pathognomonic, a definitive diagnosis of Candida oesophagitis rests on the identification of typical yeast forms in endoscopic mucosal biopsies, oesophageal brushings or balloon cytology [10,11].
These are used for the treatment of non ulcer dyspepsia (NUD), reflux oesophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, prevention and treatment of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs associated damage, treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and other hyper acidic conditions.
Systematic review of proton pump inhibitors for the acute treatment of reflux oesophagitis.
Medical treatment for reflux oesophagitis does not consistently improve asthma control: a systematic review.
Regurgitation can be due to pharyngitis or oesophagitis caused by trauma or infection in the throat area.
It is quite possible that you have a hiatus hernia or suffer from reflux oesophagitis, where the acid in the stomach flows backwards into the gullet causing inflammation and sometimes scarring, making swallowing certain foods difficult.
Non-IgE-mediated conditions include combined IgE- and cell-mediated conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and eosinophilic oesophagitis, and pure T-cell-mediated conditions, such as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, allergic proctocolitis and enteropathy syndromes.
They're also the most effective drugs to treat reflux oesophagitis and your symptoms.
Well established examples include, among many others, oesophageal adenocarcinoma associated with chronic oesophagitis and bowel cancer associated with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases.
Causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding-related degree of bleeding severity Site Degree of Oesophageal Gastric Duodenal bleeding Major Oesophageal Gastric Benign ulcer common varices varices Mallory-Weiss Portal tear hypertensive gastropathy Benign ulcer Major Dieulafoy's Haemobilia uncommon lesion Haemosuccus pancreas Aorto-enteric fistula Gastric cancer Usually Oesophagitis Gastritis minor Oesophageal Gastric antral cancer vascular ectasia