FIRST

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first

1. preceding all others in numbering or counting order; the ordinal number of one. Often written: 1st
2. denoting the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle
3. Music
a. denoting the highest part assigned to one of the voice parts in a chorus or one of the sections of an orchestra
b. denoting the principal player in a specific orchestral section
4. Education chiefly Brit an honours degree of the highest class
5. the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle; low gear
6. Music
a. the highest part in a particular section of a chorus or orchestra
b. the instrument or voice taking such a part
c. the chief or leading player in a section of an orchestra; principal
7. Music a rare word for prime

FIRST

Abbrev. for Far Infrared and Submillimeter Space Telescope. An orbiting telescope under design for ESA and at present scheduled for launch in 2007. It will be used primarily for interstellar spectroscopic studies. FIRST is at present considered to be a 4.5-meter radiatively cooled infrared (Cassegrain) telescope. It will feed two or three instruments working at wavelengths from about 100 μm to 1 mm and giving high spectral and angular resolution. A direct imaging Fabry–Perot interferometer (operating at 85–180 μm), a heterodyne detector (200–600 μm), and a multiband imaging bolometric system (70 μm up to maybe 1.2 mm) are under consideration; these will require active cooling. See also Horizon 2000.

FIRST

(Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams) Founded in 1990, FIRST coordinates the efforts of dozens of CERTs, mostly governmental, from around the world. See CERT.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Catal has stressed that drug trafficking is a problem of the first magnitude and the breeding ground for the proliferation of organized criminal gangs that threaten the stability of our societies and the well-being of citizens.
Speaking of congratulations, heaps of praise are due Nes Jardin for putting up an artistic evening of the first magnitude.
Well, even before I met Madonna, I enjoyed her upfront attitude, support for women and gays, and that undeniable belief of hers that she was destined for greatness, a star of the first magnitude even before most people had heard of her.
Summary: After the international conference "Invest in Tunisia, Start-up Democracy," an event of the first magnitude dominated the country's economic scene on September 9.
Its political importance was great, because it underlined the statehood of Cyprus and was seen as a gesture of the first magnitude for the promotion of closer relations of friendship and co-operation between the two peoples.
Weatherall is a storyteller of the first magnitude.
A New American star of the first magnitude is born on North Palm Avenue, where Louies Modern shines brightly on every point of hospitality worth noting: food, drink, service and setting.
If nothing else, Liotta and Miskel have sounded a powerful call for big creative ideas to address a global issue of the first magnitude.
It would be a tragedy of the first magnitude," says Jamiluddin Ahmed, "if the people of Pakistan fail to take inspiration from his life example and allow themselves to be deflected from the path he has shown.
Abigail Keam is a beekeeper of the first magnitude, having won sixteen honey awards at the Kentucky State Fair.