guard

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guard

1. Brit the official in charge of a train
2. Sport an article of light tough material worn to protect any of various parts of the body
3. Basketball
a. the position of the two players in a team who play furthest from the basket
b. a player in this position
4. the posture of defence or readiness in fencing, boxing, cricket, etc.
5. take guard Cricket (of a batsman) to choose a position in front of the wicket to receive the bowling, esp by requesting the umpire to indicate his position relative to the stumps
6. give guard Cricket (of an umpire) to indicate such a position to a batsman
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guard

 

an armed detachment appointed to protect and defend military objectives or to render military honors.

In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison (camp) and interior (ship) guards and honor guards. Garrison and interior guards are composed of the commander of the guard, who may be an officer or a sergeant, depending on the importance of the object and the number of posts; privates of the guard, their number depending on the number of posts and shifts; and if necesssary a deputy commander and corporals of the guard. For the protection and defense of the military objects, sentries are assigned—armed soldiers (privates of the guard) directly in charge of the protection and defense of the posts entrusted to them.

Honor guards are appointed for the welcome at the garrison of the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the generalissimo of the Soviet Union, the minister of defense of the USSR, marshals of the Soviet Union, and admirals of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. Moreover, an honor guard may also be assigned to banners carried at formal sessions, the unveiling of state monuments, the welcome and escorting of representatives of foreign states, and the funerals of servicemen and of civilians who have rendered special services to the state. An honor guard is composed of infantry units from platoon to company level and a band. An honor guard may also be composed only of officers and sergeants.

I. I. ANDRONOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

guard

[gärd]
(engineering)
A shield or other fixture designed to protect against injury.
(mining engineering)
A support in front of a roll train to guide the bar into the groove.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

guard

(programming)
1. In functional programming, a Boolean expression attached to a function definition specifying when (for what arguments) that definition is appropriate.

2. In (parallel) logic programming, a Boolean expression which is used to select a clause from several alternative matching clauses.

See Guarded Horn Clauses.

3. In parallel languages, a Boolean expression which specifies when an message may be sent or received.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
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After a century of taking the rationalist, secular world for granted -- that is, of assuming that what we see is what we get -- any sight of more, of a marvelous beyond the material realm, is bound to catch us off guard. We're going about our daily business -- fixing breakfast or sitting in a committee meeting or shopping at the mall -- when: boom!
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