okapi


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okapi

(ōkăp`ē), nocturnal ruminant mammal, Okapia johnstoni, of the giraffegiraffe,
African ruminant mammal, genus Giraffa, living in open savanna S of the Sahara. Giraffes have historically been considered to be one species, G. camelopardalis,
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 family. It inhabits the almost sunless rain forests of the upper Congo and feeds on leaves. Its shape is reminiscent of a giraffe's, but it is smaller, with a much shorter neck. It is deep reddish brown with black and white zebra-striped legs. Its head is giraffelike and in the male bears blunt skin-covered, hornlike ossicones that are made of ossified cartilage. The okapi was unknown to zoologists until the beginning of the 20th cent. It is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Giraffidae.

Okapi

 

(Okapia johnstoni), an artiodactyl mammal of the family Giraffidae; the sole species of the genus Okapia. The okapi is smaller than the giraffe. The body length is about 2 m, the shoulder height is up to 1.5 m, and the weight is approximately 250 kg. The neck and legs are not as long as those of the giraffe, and the shoulders are higher than the sacrum. The animal has an elongated snout and large ears. There are two small horns on the forehead, which annually have new tips. The tongue is very long and mobile. The short, slender tail is tufted terminally. The coloration varies: the head is light with dark markings, the body is grayish brown, and the rump and limbs are transversely barred with white and dark stripes. The okapi is rare, inhabiting the tropical rain forests of the Congo Basin in Africa. It lives singly or in pairs and feeds primarily on leaves. The gestation period is about 440 days.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.

okapi

[ō′kä·pē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Okapia johnstoni. An artiodactylous mammal in the family Giraffidae; has a hazel coat with striped hindquarters, and the head shape, lips, and tongue are the same as those of the giraffe, but the neck is not elongate.

okapi

a ruminant mammal, Okapia johnstoni, of the forests of central Africa, having a reddish-brown coat with horizontal white stripes on the legs and small horns: family Giraffidae
References in periodicals archive ?
Weighing in at 600 pounds and standing 5 feet tall, okapis live in rain forests of central Africa where they need shorter legs and necks to dodge low-hanging trees and shrubs.
Curator of mammals, Tim Rowlands said: "Sadly okapis and their close relatives, the giraffes, continue to be forgotten giants.
Mchawi is the seventh member of the okapi family currently living in Antwerp zoo, which is recognised as a world-wide specialist for okapis and one of the biggest in Europe, helping to preserve the animals' genetic diversity.
046] and Okapi may be, therefore, related to salt adaptation as suggested by several reports that a less fluid membrane may reduce [Na.
To score the relevance of a document versus a query, the following Okapi weighting function is applied (Bertoldi and
The okapi still faces threats from commercial poaching and habitat loss due to human settlement.
Bob Farkaly is chief marketing officer at Okapi Software (Poway, Calif.
Okapis belong to the giraffe family but have a much shorter neck.
The okapi shares the rain forest with chimpanzees, forest elephants, giant hogs, deerlike bongos, and the deadly gaboon viper.
New Okapi calf Usala, with mother, Stuma, as he makes his debut at Chester | |Zoo after being born at the end of April
According to dpa, a group armed with guns and machetes tried to enter Camp Tshatsi in Kinshasa, but were "neutralized," Lambert Mende told Radio Okapi, which is based in the east of the country.
Over the last 12 months the zoo has introduced a number of high profile additions including okapi, an Amur tiger, two snow leopards and an Asian lion.