okapi

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okapi

(ōkăp`ē), nocturnal ruminant mammal, Okapia johnstoni, of the giraffegiraffe,
African ruminant mammal, genus Giraffa, living in open savanna S of the Sahara. Giraffes have historically been considered to be one species, G. camelopardalis,
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 family. It inhabits the almost sunless rain forests of the upper Congo and feeds on leaves. Its shape is reminiscent of a giraffe's, but it is smaller, with a much shorter neck. It is deep reddish brown with black and white zebra-striped legs. Its head is giraffelike and in the male bears blunt skin-covered, hornlike ossicones that are made of ossified cartilage. The okapi was unknown to zoologists until the beginning of the 20th cent. It is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Giraffidae.

Okapi

 

(Okapia johnstoni), an artiodactyl mammal of the family Giraffidae; the sole species of the genus Okapia. The okapi is smaller than the giraffe. The body length is about 2 m, the shoulder height is up to 1.5 m, and the weight is approximately 250 kg. The neck and legs are not as long as those of the giraffe, and the shoulders are higher than the sacrum. The animal has an elongated snout and large ears. There are two small horns on the forehead, which annually have new tips. The tongue is very long and mobile. The short, slender tail is tufted terminally. The coloration varies: the head is light with dark markings, the body is grayish brown, and the rump and limbs are transversely barred with white and dark stripes. The okapi is rare, inhabiting the tropical rain forests of the Congo Basin in Africa. It lives singly or in pairs and feeds primarily on leaves. The gestation period is about 440 days.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.

okapi

[ō′kä·pē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Okapia johnstoni. An artiodactylous mammal in the family Giraffidae; has a hazel coat with striped hindquarters, and the head shape, lips, and tongue are the same as those of the giraffe, but the neck is not elongate.

okapi

a ruminant mammal, Okapia johnstoni, of the forests of central Africa, having a reddish-brown coat with horizontal white stripes on the legs and small horns: family Giraffidae
References in periodicals archive ?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that there are between 10,000 and 35,000 Okapis left in the wild.
Giraffes have the same number of vertebrae in their necks as okapi and other animals do, but the bones are bigger.
Okapi calf, Usala | A rare okapi - an unusual African animal that is the closestliving relative of the giraffe - was born in May.
THE birth of a rare okapi - an unusual African animal that is the closestliving relative to the giraffe - has been caught on CCTV cameras at Chester Zoo.
Antwerp Zoo's head keeper of mammals, Patrick Immens, said father okapi Libembe quickly lost interest in Hakima, but the two still found time to conceive Mchawi:
It has the largest number of bird and mammal species of any country on the continent (including okapis, rhinos, chimpanzees and lowland gorillas) and is also one of the region's most flora-rich countries.
Kimbia the okapi, a rare animal from Africa, made her public debut Wednesday at Ueno Zoological Gardens in Tokyo.
When okapis play, they put their heads down, lean forward, and wag their tails as they run in a circle.
According to (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5275533/London-Zoo-names-newborn-okapi-Meghan-Markle.html) Daily Mail , the latest addition to the zoo is an okapi calf.
But it took some steady persuasion from mum Stuma as okapis, and calves in particular, are notoriously elusive.
Curator of mammals, Tim Rowlands, said: "Okapis and their close relatives, the giraffes, continue to be forgotten giants.
Little is known about how many okapis may remain in the wild.