old age

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Related to old-age: old-age insurance, old-age pension

old age:

see geriatricsgeriatrics
, the branch of medicine concerned with conditions and diseases of the aged. Many disabilities in old age are caused by or related to the deterioration of the circulatory system (see arteriosclerosis), e.g.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

old age

the last part of the individual LIFE COURSE, associated with declining faculties, low social worth and detachment from previous social commitments. It is a social construct rather than a biological stage, since its onset and significance vary historically and culturally. See also AGEING, GERONTOLOGY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Old Age


the period of life that inevitably sets in after middle age and is characterized by significant metabolic, structural, and functional changes in organs and systems that limit the adaptability of the body. Old age is a result of the dynamic process of aging. According to one system of age classification, 75–90 years of age is considered old age, and over 90, advanced old age.

An individual’s physical appearance, work capacity, and mental abilities change with old age, as does the course of many diseases. The skin becomes thinner and less elastic, and wrinkles and pigment spots appear. The hair turns gray and falls out. Visual acuity decreases, and lenticular opacity develops, often resulting in the formation of cataracts. An individual may grow shorter, and curvature of the spine is common. Joint mobility is limited, and bones become fragile and lose calcium. Mental performance declines, and a person becomes more easily fatigued, less able to recall recent events, and subject to sleep disturbances.

Because of their adaptive mechanisms, some old people can maintain a high level of intellectual activity for a long time and remain alert and creative. With old age, organs and tissues are less influenced by neural factors but are more sensitive to humoral influences. Age-related changes in the vascular wall and in protein and lipid metabolism contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis. Changes in digestion may cause vitamin deficiency. The rate of aging and extent of changes in organs and tissues vary with each individual. (For changes that occur with aging on the cellular level and in functional systems see.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

old age

[′ōld ′āj]
The last stage of the erosion cycle in the development of the topography of a region in which erosion has reduced the surface almost to base level and the land forms are marked by simplicity of form and subdued relief. Also known as topographic old age.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assuming 20% non--responder rate, it was rounded off to 150.[8] Hence, 75 subjects each were selected in public and private old-age homes, respectively.
The scheme is 26 years old, but old-age pension benefit was added in 1998 and paid out for the first time in 2014.
EOBI has targeted to benefit 29,645 registered workers up to June 2016 for which an additional amount of Rs 7,540 mln was allocated for Old-Age Pension, Survivors Pension, Invalidity Pension and Old-Age Grants.
The concept of old-age home in India developed in late 1990s.
The advocates of the GE frame make a third claim, arguing that policies unfair to working age adults have thrived in part due to the political influence of old-age interest groups such as AARP (Farlie, 1988; Longman, 1989).
ABSTRACT: In two anthropological studies on old-age institutions, the lobby is found to be an arena in which one may examine the styles that seniors use to cope with the end of life.
"With the introduction of the MPF, complemented by personal savings and CSSA, Hong Kong will have in place all three pillars for old-age protection," the fund authority said in a statement.
Roosevelt's landmark social insurance legislation of 1935, which inaugurated the nation's federal-state system of unemployment insurance as well as its purely federal old-age insurance program.
In 1889 Germany became the first nation in the world to enact a national compulsory old-age pension system, which was one of several social insurance programs introduced in Germany during the 1880s.
This omnibus piece of legislation, certainly the most important social welfare law in the nation's history, marked the beginning of the nation's public assistance (welfare), unemployment compensation and old-age or Social Security programs.
What then would be the responsibilities of the old-age vocation?
The book, on the basis of a sample survey of 50,000 households in India, describes regional variations and differences between the rural and urban old in terms of health problems, financial constraints, and both geographical spread and functioning of old-age homes.