Oleography

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Oleography

 

a method of producing pictures that imitate oil paintings. Oleography was widely used in the late 19th century. It involves the process of chromolithography, using as many as 15 to 20 colors. The prints are varnished so that they more closely resemble oil paintings. A stamping process is used to imitate a canvas surface and the thick strokes of oil paint. Most oleographs are crude and distorted reproductions.

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In fact, both these pictures are what is known as oleographs, a type of print that was especially popular at the end of the 19th century.
Oleographs are chromolithographs embossed with a pattern that imitates canvas and/or brush strokes to give the appearance of an oil painting.
A well- known collector of popular old advertisements, calendars, cinema posters, lobby cards and booklets, Paul says, " I have been collecting oleographs from calendar art and advertising materials for some years, when a dealer came to me with hundreds of lobby cards and posters of old Bollywood films.
The last section apprises us of recent expressions of the theme in calendars, oleographs, patas and so on.
These glossy prints, chromolithographs and oleographs, with their preferred brand of realism displaced the earlier popular prints and completely transformed the market.
The tactile and illusionist potential of Ravi Varma's paintings now began to be transported into the glossy and garish prints of the cheap oleographs and chromolithographs.
The halls of Lalit Kala Akademi display many frames on its walls that may strike you with their resemblance to the famous oleographs of Varma.