C J George, PLPL, based in Kochi (Kerala), manufactures spice oils, oleoresins
, and natural food colours from extracts of spices, aromatic plants, and agricultural products.
The development of an in-soil repellent for pocket gopher (Thomomys talpoides) with capsicum oleoresin
suggests its eco-friendly nature (11).
Studies on the distribution of oleoresin
components in the bole of radiata pine (Pinus radiata) showed that the highest concentrations occurred in the heartwood near the bottom of the tree and decreased toward the top of the stem (Kininmonth and Whitchouse 1991).
The Federal Code of Regulations Section 101.22, defining natural flavorings, states that "natural flavoring" be applied to "the essential oil, oleoresin
, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis which contains the flavoring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products or fermentation products thereof whose significant function in food is flavoring rather than nutritional."
In Wisconsin, this also includes oleoresin
capsicum (OC or pepper) spray.
Capsicum is the key ingredient in what is commonly known as pepper spray.
The pinon's abundant pitch (gum oleoresin
) made a fine waterproofing material for woven water jugs.
Pepper is also processed in the country into pepper oil and oleoresin
. Pepper oil is yellow green in color containing aromatic with typical hot smell made up of a compound of caryopylene, dipentene, alpha pinene, piperanol and linonene.
Literally dusted with OC (oleoresin
capsicum) powder, the man drops to his knees, coughing and wheezing.
"There are still many unbranded and generic products calling themselves 'capsaicin' that are really the unpurified capsicum oleoresin
," DiPrima observes.
2[*] Colors Exempt from Certification Annatto extract B-Apo-8'-carotenal[*] Beta-carotene Beet powder Canthaxanthin Caramel color Carrot oil Cochineal extract (carmine) Cottonseed flour, toasted partially defatted, cooked Ferrous gluconate[*] Fruit juice Grape color extract[*] Grope skin extract[*] (enocianina) Paprika Paprika oleoresin
Riboflavin Saffron Titanium dioxide[*] Turmeric Turmeric oleoresin
Vegetable juice [*]Then food cob additives are restricted to specified uses.
Included on the publicly released list of cigarette additives are the fragrant and flavorful extracts of anise, cinnamon, molasses, dandelion roots, and walnut hulls; juices from apples, raisins, figs, and plums; black currant buds; peppery capsicum oleoresin
; clover tops; nutmeg powder; vanilla; vinegar; smoke flavor; tea leaf; orange blossom water; and oils of basil, bay leaves, caraway, carrots, dill seeds, ginger, lavender, lemon, lime, pepper, Scotch pine, oak chips, and patchouli.