oligodendroglia


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Related to oligodendroglia: microglia, Astrocytes, OVLT

oligodendroglia

[‚äl·ə·gō·den′dräg·lē·ə]
(neuroscience)
Small neuroglial cells with spheroidal or ovoid nuclei and fine cytoplasmic processes with secondary divisions.
References in periodicals archive ?
(6) Subsequently, the extracellular space becomes enlarged as the number of oligodendroglia and neuronal axons decrease, causing increased water diffusion and giving rise to high DWI signal without low ADC signal.
Kreutzfeldt et al., "Oligodendroglia in cortical multiple sclerosis lesions decrease with disease progression, but regenerate after repeated experimental demyelination," Acta Neuropathologica, vol.
Pedata, "Role of [A.sub.2A] receptors on modulation of oligodendroglia in cerebral ischemia," Shock, vol.
Among their topics are the bibliographic background, morphological characteristics of the oligodendroglia, textural characteristics of protoplasm in the oligodendrocytes, morphological and genetic kinship between astrocytes and oligodendrocytes and morphological and physiological parallelism of the oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells.
In this model JCV would undergo sequence replication-driven recombination/repair in a fashion that would allow habitation of different cell types, ultimately culminating in the ability to replicate in oligodendroglia. In these cell types such recombination would occur, and when in the course of JCV infection of the brain, they would occur remain to be elucidated, but there is good evidence for a sequential order of recombination.
Yavin, "Docosahexaenoic acid-dependent iron accumulation in oligodendroglia cells protects from hydrogen peroxide-induced damage," Journal of Neurochemistry, vol.
Myelin basic protein demonstrated immunocytochemically in oligodendroglia prior to myelin sheath formation.
Preservation of oligodendroglia and relative absence of astrogliosis in the demyelinated areas without any inflammation of the brain were regarded as unique features.
IFN-[gamma] is required for viral clearance from central nervous system oligodendroglia. j Inmmunol 1999; 162:1641-1647.
Long-term locomotor training upregulates TrkB(FL) receptor-like proteins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and neurotrophin 4 with different topographies of expression in oligodendroglia and neurons in the spinal cord.