oligodendroglia

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Related to oligodendroglial: Schwann cells, Oligodendroglial cell

oligodendroglia

[‚äl·ə·gō·den′dräg·lē·ə]
(neuroscience)
Small neuroglial cells with spheroidal or ovoid nuclei and fine cytoplasmic processes with secondary divisions.
References in periodicals archive ?
46) That is, a progenitor cell with acquired mutations may continue to differentiate in the usual fashion along a particular pathway--say, toward an oligodendroglial progenitor cell (OPC)--and only then exhibit an appropriate susceptibility to additional environmental cues and genetic lesions that would steer the cell toward definitive neoplasia.
Citation: "Generation and characterization of spiking and non-spiking oligodendroglial progenitor cells from embryonic stem cells"; Peng Jiang et al.
Se presento una perdida del antigeno oligodendroglial O4 y los progenitores NG2 se vieron limitados en su proliferacion, y a los nueve meses de la radiacion ya se veia una desmielinizacion difusa en todos los cerebros.
Adult brain retains the potential to generate oligodendroglial progenitors with extensive myelination capacity.
Astrocytes, ependymal, and oligodendroglial cells are all examples of glial cells that compose the supportive tissue of the brain.
Two hypotheses have been proposed: 1) vascular damage with resultant blood--brain barrier breakdown and consequent ischaemia, resulting in oligodendroglial and axonal damage, including spheroid formation, and widespread loss of axons and myelin sheaths; and 2) abnormalities of systemic lipid metabolism, resulting in breakdown of the myelin sheaths.
64) Interestingly, MET uptake has been found to be greater in grade III oligodendroglioma than grade III astrocytoma, although the prognosis is generally better for oligodendroglial than for astrocytic tumors.
Se desconoce que produce la activacion periferica de los linfocitos T, pero en suero y liquido cefaloraquideo (LCR) de pacientes con EM se han detectado anticuerpos contra distintos posibles autoantigenos: la proteina basica de mielina, la proteina proteolipidica, la glicoproteina asociada a la mielina, la proteina oligodendroglial de la mielina, la [alfa]-B-cristalina, la transaldolasa, fosfodiesterasas, proteinas de choque termico, antigenos astrocitarios (proteina S-100), algunos antigenos endoteliales y factores nucleares.
Differential oligodendroglial expression of the tumor necrosis factor receptors in vivo and in vitro.
Disruption of Cnp1 uncouples oligodendroglial functions in axonal support and myelination.
from the University of California at Irvine, has completed one year of a two-year fellowship, "Treatment of the Injured Adult Spinal Cord with Transplanted Human Embryonic Stem Cells Committed to Oligodendroglial Fate.