oncogene


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Related to oncogene: Cancer research

oncogene

any of several genes, first identified in viruses but present in all cells, that when abnormally activated can cause cancer

oncogene

[′äŋ·kō‚jēn]
(genetics)
A gene whose mutation can lead to cancer in experimental animals and humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
4] Genes: let-7; HRAS, v-Ha-ras Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; KRAS, v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; NRAS, neuroblastoma RAS viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog; CCND2, cyclin D2; CDK6, cyclin-dependent kinase 6; CDC25, cell division cycle 25 homolog C (S.
The use of retroviruses and oncogenes are potentially problematic for clinical applications involving cells derived from iPS cells due to the significant increased risk of inducing a cancer transformation.
Earlier we determined the characteristic frequencies of forty six oncogene and fifteen proto-oncogene proteins, that characterize their common biological activity, i.
Although the researchers still employ viruses harmful to the human body, generating iPS cells without using an oncogene marks a step forward in the practical use of regenerative medicine to fix damaged tissue.
In the majority of cases, oncogene expression triggers activation of tumor suppressors, resulting in a phenomenon called oncogene-induced cell senescence (N.
Researchers also discovered a surprisingly large number of instances in which the same set of mutations occurred within tumor cells, suggesting that oncogenes often worked in partnership.
Geneticist Dr Pier Paolo Pandolfi, from the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre in New York, who led the research team, said, 'There are a number of genes that can cause cancer, the so-called oncogenes, but Pokemon is unique in that it is needed for other oncogenes to cause cancer.
Through this alliance with Avalon, Aventis hopes to generate innovative drugs targeting amplified oncogenes, a promising class of cancer drug targets.
Founded in 1991, Tularik has been involved in the discovery of oncogenes as they are invaluable targets for anti-cancer drugs.
AVEO has already used directed complementation technology to produce model tumors driven by more than 50 different oncogenes.
17 September 2014 - South Korean PNA (Peptide Nucleic Acid) oligomer manufacturer Panagene Inc said yesterday it had developed four commercial ctDNA test kits able to identify mutated oncogene through blood test alone.
Vakoc's team discovered an enhancer element that controls the Myc oncogene specifically in leukemia cells.