oncogene


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Related to oncogene: Cancer research

oncogene

any of several genes, first identified in viruses but present in all cells, that when abnormally activated can cause cancer

oncogene

[′äŋ·kō‚jēn]
(genetics)
A gene whose mutation can lead to cancer in experimental animals and humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Different oncogene inhibitors have been successfully commercialized by different pharmaceutical companies in past few decades.
4] Genes: let-7; HRAS, v-Ha-ras Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; KRAS, v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; NRAS, neuroblastoma RAS viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog; CCND2, cyclin D2; CDK6, cyclin-dependent kinase 6; CDC25, cell division cycle 25 homolog C (S.
Earlier we determined the characteristic frequencies of forty six oncogene and fifteen proto-oncogene proteins, that characterize their common biological activity, i.
Although the researchers still employ viruses harmful to the human body, generating iPS cells without using an oncogene marks a step forward in the practical use of regenerative medicine to fix damaged tissue.
In the majority of cases, oncogene expression triggers activation of tumor suppressors, resulting in a phenomenon called oncogene-induced cell senescence (N.
Researchers also discovered a surprisingly large number of instances in which the same set of mutations occurred within tumor cells, suggesting that oncogenes often worked in partnership.
Founded in 1991, Tularik has been involved in the discovery of oncogenes as they are invaluable targets for anti-cancer drugs.
AVEO has already used directed complementation technology to produce model tumors driven by more than 50 different oncogenes.
The research also showed that patients with ASCL1 tumors with high levels of the RET oncogene protein did not survive as long as ASCL1 patients with low levels of RET.
Oncogene proteins; structure, functions, and analyses.
In particular, the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK-1 and ERK-2 (extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2) are acutely activated by many extracellular stimuli and by oncogene products (10).
Oncogene and calcitonin testing for medullary carcinoma of the thyroid was negative.