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in English history, a subdivision of a shire, first mentioned in the 10th cent. and surviving as a unit of local government into the 19th cent. It is thought that in origin the hundred comprised 100 geld hides, the geld hide being the basic Anglo-Saxon land unit for taxation purposes; but the hundreds varied considerably in size. The number of hundreds in a shire also varied, and their boundaries were continually changed. The hundred had its own court. The Saxon tithing groups, which had corporate responsibility for the crimes committed by their members, came before it, and personal pleas of debt and trespass were also brought there. Originally presided over by the king's reeves, the hundred courts continued to meet regularly every four weeks until the 13th cent., by which time many of them had been taken over by local lords. They gradually lost importance and from the 16th cent. had little more than a formal existence. In Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Leicestershire the unit equivalent to the hundred was called a wapentake; in Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Durham, a ward. Hundreds were also used as subdivisions of counties in some of the Thirteen Colonies, and continued to be used in Delaware as state legislative districts until the 1960s.


See H. M. Cam, The Hundred and the Hundred Rolls (1930, repr. 1963); F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).



(German, Hundertschaft), a social and military organization among the ancient Germanic peoples during the period of transition from the primitive communal system to feudalism. The popular assembly of the hundred met under an elected hundred-leader and decided judicial, administrative, and other questions; the hundred was the basic unit of allotting troops among the Germanic tribes and tribal federations.

In continental Europe the hundred disappeared with the rise of feudalism. In England it gradually came under the authority of the king, in the person of the bailiff. The hundred endured until the late 19th century as an administrative-territorial unit with limited administrative and police functions. Several hundreds formed a shire.


1. the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score
2. a numeral, 100, C, etc., representing this number
3. Maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros
4. History an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
References in periodicals archive ?
I have to keep improving and working hard to be one hundred per cent as soon as possible.
He was cleared by the doctors some time ago, but he still is not ready to play as he is not one hundred per cent match fit," he explained.
But let me be absolutely one hundred per cent clear, if there is any church or any synagogue or any mosque that doesn't want to have a gay marriage it will not, absolutely must not, be forced to hold," David Cameron has said.
We are specifying a certain area on the Al Bateen beach which will be one hundred per cent enclosed for ladies," said Bin Fahad, explaining that "huge walls" would enclose the site and ensure the privacy of female visitors.
I'm backing The Children's Society's campaign to 'Make Runaways Safe' one hundred per cent.
One hundred per cent of the proceeds fund research at the 17 pediatric facilities.
The minister said all arrangements have been completed with the country being one hundred per cent ready for hosting the championship.
But he promised he would give one hundred per cent to his concert last night at the Pafiakos Stadium.
Nowadays, the drag flicker has to be one hundred per cent accurate.
securities up to an aggregate nominal amount equal to one hundred per cent of
I think Wayne Gretzky said it really well: "You miss one hundred per cent of the shots you never take.
Both sides came into the match with one hundred per cent records and the occasion seemed to take its toll with very little to enthuse the crowd.