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in English history, a subdivision of a shire, first mentioned in the 10th cent. and surviving as a unit of local government into the 19th cent. It is thought that in origin the hundred comprised 100 geld hides, the geld hide being the basic Anglo-Saxon land unit for taxation purposes; but the hundreds varied considerably in size. The number of hundreds in a shire also varied, and their boundaries were continually changed. The hundred had its own court. The Saxon tithing groups, which had corporate responsibility for the crimes committed by their members, came before it, and personal pleas of debt and trespass were also brought there. Originally presided over by the king's reeves, the hundred courts continued to meet regularly every four weeks until the 13th cent., by which time many of them had been taken over by local lords. They gradually lost importance and from the 16th cent. had little more than a formal existence. In Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Leicestershire the unit equivalent to the hundred was called a wapentake; in Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Durham, a ward. Hundreds were also used as subdivisions of counties in some of the Thirteen Colonies, and continued to be used in Delaware as state legislative districts until the 1960s.


See H. M. Cam, The Hundred and the Hundred Rolls (1930, repr. 1963); F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).



(German, Hundertschaft), a social and military organization among the ancient Germanic peoples during the period of transition from the primitive communal system to feudalism. The popular assembly of the hundred met under an elected hundred-leader and decided judicial, administrative, and other questions; the hundred was the basic unit of allotting troops among the Germanic tribes and tribal federations.

In continental Europe the hundred disappeared with the rise of feudalism. In England it gradually came under the authority of the king, in the person of the bailiff. The hundred endured until the late 19th century as an administrative-territorial unit with limited administrative and police functions. Several hundreds formed a shire.


1. the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score
2. a numeral, 100, C, etc., representing this number
3. Maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros
4. History an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
References in periodicals archive ?
The players are always giving one hundred per cent but sometimes it doesn't always go to plan.
Don't, if you can wait just a little longer, you will find one hundred per cent success instead of fifty.
You know, you'll get one hundred per cent commitment.
Local authorities will have up to one hundred per cent of the spend, as long as it is spent on affordable housing.
And on Friday he was proved one hundred per cent right.
Ynysybwl are the Second Division champions and Mountain Ash with a one hundred per cent record won Division 3.
One hundred per cent of the net proceeds will be given to the humanitarian aid agencies working in the area.
Jamie Ashby continued his one hundred per cent scoring record in the 125GP division of the Hel Performance Motostar British Championship.
They are one hundred per cent interested in themselves and those likely to vote for them next time around, utterly selfish and totally indifferent to all others.
And a wretched start proved him one hundred per cent correct.
I think it's a really good scheme and I'm backing it one hundred per cent.
The Plaid release, headlined Deputy First Minister gives best wishes to Welsh team, quoted Mr Jones: "The people of Wales are behind you one hundred per cent.