onion

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onion,

plant of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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 family), of the same genus (Allium) as the chive (A. schoenoprasum), garlic (A. sativum), leek (A. porrum), and shallot (A. ascalonium). These plants are characterized by an edible bulb composed of food-storage leaves that are rich in sugar and a pungent oil, the source of its strong taste. The above-ground green leaves, typically long and tubular, are also eaten. All these species are believed to be native to SW Asia and are known to have been cultivated since ancient times. The onion (A. cepa), no longer found wild, is a biennial now grown in many varieties throughout the world as a table vegetable. Common varieties include the strong-flavored red onion, the milder yellow onion, and the bland white onion. Pearl onions are small white onions used for pickling. The large Spanish and Bermuda onions have a delicate flavor. The onion was grown extensively by the ancient Egyptians, in whose writings it is mentioned, and was later spread by the Spanish colonists. The more pungent garlic, a perennial, has a bulb consisting of small bulbils called cloves. This part is most often used in cooking, chiefly as flavoring; garlic is especially popular in the Mediterranean region and East Asia. Used as a folk remedy for thousands of years, scientific investigation is confirming garlic's usefulness as a blood thinner, antioxidant, and cancer preventive. The shallot (supposedly introduced to Europe from Ascalon, or Ashqelon, by the Crusaders, hence the botanical name) is a perennial with clusters of small onionlike bulbs. It and the more familiar leek, a biennial with a small single bulb, are both commonly used fresh in salads, as asparaguslike cooked vegetables, and in soups and stews. The leek, cultivated in ancient Egypt and probably introduced to England by the Romans, is the floral emblem of the Welsh, who adorn their hats with its leaves on St. David's Day. Scallion is a popular term for any edible Allium with a reduced bulb, especially the leek and shallot. The Welsh onion (A. fistulosum) is a leeklike plant popular in Asia. The chive, today found wild in Italy and Greece, is a hardy perennial sometimes used as an ornamental border plant. For flavoring, its leaves are the most desirable portion. Several species of Allium are native to North America, where the edible types were collected by Native Americans. The ramp or wild leek (A. tricoccum) has a garlicky onion flavor. Found in E North America, it has a narrow bulb, thin reddish stem, and two to three elliptical, lancelike leaves. It is prized as a spring vegetable and is overharvested in some areas. Because of the disagreeable odor and taste imparted to the milk of cows that feed upon them, some species are considered weeds, especially the common wild garlic, A. vineale, naturalized from Europe. Onion is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.

onion

[′ən·yən]
(botany)
Allium cepa. A biennial plant in the order Liliales cultivated for its edible bulb.
Any plant of the genus Allium.

onion

1. an alliaceous plant, Allium cepa, having greenish-white flowers: cultivated for its rounded edible bulb
2. the bulb of this plant, consisting of concentric layers of white succulent leaf bases with a pungent odour and taste
3. any of several related plants similar to A. cepa, such as A. fistulosum (Welsh onion)
References in periodicals archive ?
And I'm glad it did as the dish proved a joy from start to finish, the piping hot soft fish being deliciously accompanied by the oniony mash and delicately cut vegetables.
In the moonlight, The Sock Man; his eyelids oniony, half- transparent.
That sound evokes for Offred precisely what our attention to the visual word obscures--the sense of touch, of being in contact with the natural elements that carry the visualized word: specifically, the "softness of the thin oniony pages, how they would feel under the fingers.
Women's imaginations are experientially linked to food as inspiration for mimesis or metaphor since women are, after all, the infant's first food giver and customarily gendered as the family cook and meal arranger thereafter, even as Goodison's oniony fingers recall.
These onions are great to cook with because they are so "oniony," yet their size makes cleaning them a little tedious.
Oniony: garlic chives (Allium tuberosum), society garlic (Tulbaghia violacea)
My partner also gave the nod to his potato skins though he left the watery oniony salsa untouched.
Next to the bagel (whose history should be told), the bialy evokes nostalgia for a town where the Jews were nicknamed "Bialystoker kuchen fressers"-"prodigious eaters of the oniony bread buns." At the start of her inquiry, there were no bialys made in Poland, but Ms.
Flavors include Oniony Hash Browns, Bacon and Cheese, Cheesy Cheddar Flavor, and Roasted Garlic and Southwestern Style.
It's a mound of potato mashed with oniony matter, in a scant puddle of unexciting tomato and pork stew.
I also fancied a little extra flavour to pierce the rather one-note oniony nature of the dish, so I made a little piquant sauce for drizzling, made with black rice wine vinegar, soy, garlic and ginger.