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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In linguistics, the study of proper names and their origin, as well as the changes that they undergo as a result of long use in the source language or in connection with their borrowing into other languages.

(2) Proper names of various types (onomastic lexicon), which, in accordance with the objects designated, are divided into an-throponymy (study of personal names), toponymy (place-names), “zoonymy” (in Russian, zoonimiia; proper names of animals), “astronymy” (astronimiia; names of stars), “cosmonymy”(kosmonimiia; names of the zones and parts of the universe), “theonymy” (teonimiia; names of gods), and so on.

Onomastic research helps elucidate the routes of migration and places of former settlement of different peoples, as well as the linguistic and cultural contacts of these peoples. Onomastics is also useful in determining the older states of languages and the relationships of their dialects. Toponymy, especially hydro-nymy, is frequently the sole source of information on extinct languages and peoples.


Chichagov, V. K. Iz istorii russkikh imen, otchestv i familii. Moscow, 1959.
Tashitskii, V.“Mesto onomastiki sredi drugikh gumanitarnykh nauk.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1961, no. 2.
Superanskaia, A. V. Obshchaia teoriia imeni sobstvennogo. Moscow, 1973.
Bach, A. Deutsche Namenkunde, vols. 1–3. Heidelberg, 1952–56.
Gardiner, A. The Theory of Proper Names, 2nd ed. London, 1957.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Estonian onomastics, two main subgroups of transferred names can be constituted: migratory transferred names and comparative transferred names.
Ngonyani, Deo (2001), "Onomastic Devices in Shaaban Robert's Narratives," Journal of African Cultural Studies 14(2): 125-136.
(23.) I discuss the subtle silences of Ovid's Marsyas episode, including the legacy of obscuring Apollo's irrational behavior, in Siobanu, 'Body Disruption, Onomastic Riddles and the Challenge to Identity and/as Apollonian Rationality in Ovid's Story of Marsyas'.
References to Muslim names however are found in onomastic studies both by colonial scholars as well as later ones.
(1) As the onomastic data of the PTRs have not been studied for this purpose before, their investigation will update our knowledge of ME dialect distribution, and may also show previously unknown patterns at a date for which a wealth of surname evidence has not been widely available in the past.
The significance of literary onomastics was analyzed fragmentary in Romanian linguistics, somewhat randomly, but conditions are created for a systematic approach to the domain in the present European and world broader theoretical context.
Williams also uses his onomastic magic to discredit the religious hypocrites attacking Mother.
The English example, of course, is rather banal, although it does indicate reasonably sophisticated linguistic thought, the ability to connect the onomastic element ead- with parallel adjective eadig.
In a nice onomastic touch, Fremin, Filadelphe, and Fleurdelys (and Felippes, Felix, and Philandre) are additionally joined by their initial, F, like fraternel, family and France.
The preface by historian Lucien-Rene Abenon makes clear that the book's onomastic study of African names reflects the collaborative expertise of the two authors, with Durand working patiently through the registers and Logossah contributing his knowledge of "the science of African languages" (NA, p.
And the usefulness of the book is enhanced by onomastic and thematic indexes.
I dorri''r ddadl, dyma droi at lyfr godidog Colin Gresham ar Eifionydd - a dyna fo yn blwmp ac yn blaen - "Bwlch Ddeilior...of which the name is now corrupted to Bwlch y ddwy elor...and a suitable onomastic story has been invented to account for it." Pa un ddaeth gyntaf, y chwedl yntau''r enw?