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(1) In linguistics, the study of proper names and their origin, as well as the changes that they undergo as a result of long use in the source language or in connection with their borrowing into other languages.

(2) Proper names of various types (onomastic lexicon), which, in accordance with the objects designated, are divided into an-throponymy (study of personal names), toponymy (place-names), “zoonymy” (in Russian, zoonimiia; proper names of animals), “astronymy” (astronimiia; names of stars), “cosmonymy”(kosmonimiia; names of the zones and parts of the universe), “theonymy” (teonimiia; names of gods), and so on.

Onomastic research helps elucidate the routes of migration and places of former settlement of different peoples, as well as the linguistic and cultural contacts of these peoples. Onomastics is also useful in determining the older states of languages and the relationships of their dialects. Toponymy, especially hydro-nymy, is frequently the sole source of information on extinct languages and peoples.


Chichagov, V. K. Iz istorii russkikh imen, otchestv i familii. Moscow, 1959.
Tashitskii, V.“Mesto onomastiki sredi drugikh gumanitarnykh nauk.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1961, no. 2.
Superanskaia, A. V. Obshchaia teoriia imeni sobstvennogo. Moscow, 1973.
Bach, A. Deutsche Namenkunde, vols. 1–3. Heidelberg, 1952–56.
Gardiner, A. The Theory of Proper Names, 2nd ed. London, 1957.


References in periodicals archive ?
Butler, James Odelle (2012), Name, Place, and Emotional Space: Themed Semantics in Literary Onomastic Research.
References to Muslim names however are found in onomastic studies both by colonial scholars as well as later ones.
Some dialect surveys of late ME have studied data from the period covered by the PTRs (see, for example, McIntosh, Samuels & Benskin, 1986, whose work, A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English (LALME) mostly considered texts from the period 1350-1450), but these have used literary sources, (2) rather than onomastic.
The significance of literary onomastics was analyzed fragmentary in Romanian linguistics, somewhat randomly, but conditions are created for a systematic approach to the domain in the present European and world broader theoretical context.
Some of the information is only vaguely related to the onomastic research; there are, for example, long passages on demographic history or the jobs held by freed slaves.
Of course, there aren't missing any onomastic parallel between post-December Minister and dictator's wife, Elena Ceausescu.
It has, alas, to be added that the proof-reading leaves a great deal to be desired: its pages are marred by a plethora of typos, inaccurately cited titles, factual slips and onomastic misspellings like "Jane Austin [sic]" (at one point even the author's own name is misspelt
There are parodies of onomastic explanations, invented etymologies, non sequiturs, missing poems, absurd extended symmetries, and more, all of which mimic the state of contemporary manuscripts.
PORTEN, Bezalel y Ada Yardeni, "Social, Economic, and Onomastic Issues in the Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century B.
I had no idea who this mysterious person with the strange name of Ulli was; it made no sense in my mental onomastic.
He was helped by a natural onomastic fit into village life given that one of Frigiliana's patron saints is San Antonio, which translates in practical terms into roughly 40% of local males bearing the name "Antonio" (the rest being either "Sebastian" or "Jose").
Rudnychyj, Winnipeg: Canadian Institute of Onomastic Sciences, 1974.