Onomastics


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Related to Onomastics: Onomastician

Onomastics

 

(1) In linguistics, the study of proper names and their origin, as well as the changes that they undergo as a result of long use in the source language or in connection with their borrowing into other languages.

(2) Proper names of various types (onomastic lexicon), which, in accordance with the objects designated, are divided into an-throponymy (study of personal names), toponymy (place-names), “zoonymy” (in Russian, zoonimiia; proper names of animals), “astronymy” (astronimiia; names of stars), “cosmonymy”(kosmonimiia; names of the zones and parts of the universe), “theonymy” (teonimiia; names of gods), and so on.

Onomastic research helps elucidate the routes of migration and places of former settlement of different peoples, as well as the linguistic and cultural contacts of these peoples. Onomastics is also useful in determining the older states of languages and the relationships of their dialects. Toponymy, especially hydro-nymy, is frequently the sole source of information on extinct languages and peoples.

REFERENCES

Chichagov, V. K. Iz istorii russkikh imen, otchestv i familii. Moscow, 1959.
Tashitskii, V.“Mesto onomastiki sredi drugikh gumanitarnykh nauk.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1961, no. 2.
Superanskaia, A. V. Obshchaia teoriia imeni sobstvennogo. Moscow, 1973.
Bach, A. Deutsche Namenkunde, vols. 1–3. Heidelberg, 1952–56.
Gardiner, A. The Theory of Proper Names, 2nd ed. London, 1957.

A. V. SUPERANSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
See also Aaron Demsky, "Names and No-Names in the Book of Ruth," in These Are the Names: Studies in Jewish Onomastics, ed.
While archeological findings have played an increasingly important role in the past century or so, not the least in supplying many of the onomastic data used in this study, traditional Chinese literature still represents the leading primary source in Sinology and related studies.
Tolkien had a deep personal interest in onomastics, and particularly in recovering half-remembered myth by etymologizing proper names.
Literary onomastics entails creativity and limitation, craft and refinement, acumen and tirelessness.
Calinescu or Morometii and Intrusul ("The Outsider") by Marin Preda, an entire onomastic treasure awaits recapitalization also in the cultural anthropology area as an asset that must be protected.
(2.) Compare the author's article "Biblical Onomastics: What's in a Name?", Jewish Bible Quarterly, vol.
Only two of the essays on the Evangiles directly discuss its content; the others deal with peripheral matters like regionalisms in its language and its onomastics. The quenouilles and the nature of the women's conversations as they spin are lost sight of early in the book and are not caught sight of again until the final essay by Madeleine Jeay.
Chapter 8 examines onomastics, how names become common words, while Chapter 9 examines word play and riddles.
Incidentally, the word describing the study of nomenclature is "onomastics."
For example, the chapter on Romeo and Juliet uses an analysis of the play's language and of the relationship between language and identity as demonstrated in Brian Friel's Translations and the Canadian 1989 production, Romeo and Juliette, in order to argue that this play can be read as offering two alternative views of the relationship between onomastics and ontology and as potentially engaging in bilingualism.
Not only pre-Ottoman Anatolian history, but also early Ottoman relies on architecture, inscriptions and onomastics as well as on testimonies written at the time in Byzantine or Attic Greek, Italian, French and German, as well as on Ottoman chroniclers.