Onomastics


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Related to Onomastics: Onomastician

Onomastics

 

(1) In linguistics, the study of proper names and their origin, as well as the changes that they undergo as a result of long use in the source language or in connection with their borrowing into other languages.

(2) Proper names of various types (onomastic lexicon), which, in accordance with the objects designated, are divided into an-throponymy (study of personal names), toponymy (place-names), “zoonymy” (in Russian, zoonimiia; proper names of animals), “astronymy” (astronimiia; names of stars), “cosmonymy”(kosmonimiia; names of the zones and parts of the universe), “theonymy” (teonimiia; names of gods), and so on.

Onomastic research helps elucidate the routes of migration and places of former settlement of different peoples, as well as the linguistic and cultural contacts of these peoples. Onomastics is also useful in determining the older states of languages and the relationships of their dialects. Toponymy, especially hydro-nymy, is frequently the sole source of information on extinct languages and peoples.

REFERENCES

Chichagov, V. K. Iz istorii russkikh imen, otchestv i familii. Moscow, 1959.
Tashitskii, V.“Mesto onomastiki sredi drugikh gumanitarnykh nauk.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1961, no. 2.
Superanskaia, A. V. Obshchaia teoriia imeni sobstvennogo. Moscow, 1973.
Bach, A. Deutsche Namenkunde, vols. 1–3. Heidelberg, 1952–56.
Gardiner, A. The Theory of Proper Names, 2nd ed. London, 1957.

A. V. SUPERANSKAIA

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Towards Literary Onomastics in Kiswahili Literature," Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 60: 35-44.
The onomastic study took into consideration all persons who, through their names, relatives or origin, can be identified as illiri.
Szczepaniak-Mendez (2005) and Ntibling (2005), both deal with onomastic systems in which names systematically have a source in common words, and both discuss formal means by which a name may be distinguished from its (originally homophonous) source.
The indefiniteness of its main focus, the logic of relatedness inherent in postmodern aesthetics, allows the author to raise a wide array of topics ranging from autobiography to onomastics and the sublime.
Scottish place-names can provide valuable comparative evidence of relevance to English onomastics.
In his chapter on onomastics, Richard Coates discusses English names with reference to England -- a wider frame would have been impossible.
Arguably, such intrusions (as on the topography of Bardsey island, the references to Didymus of Alexandria and Sedulius, or on onomastics, etymologies, and details of twelfth-century escutcheons) remind the reader of the inter-connectedness of the sub-disciplines that go into a full appreciation of medieval literature, but equally arguably they are a parade of the author's learning and previously published scholarship.
For a systematic examination of onomastics in education litigation, see Caroline West and Perry A.
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In the latter field Iiro Kajanto, and more recently Heikki Solin and his school, have produced a stupendous series of monographs and manuals that have changed the face of Roman onomastics.
I was also struck by the names in the metro--by its onomastics, if you will, which show how we give ourselves over to ancestor worship.